Johann August Nauck

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Johann August Nauck

Johann August Nauck (September 18, 1822 – August 3, 1892) was a German classical scholar and critic. His chief work was the Tragicorum Graecorum Fragmenta (TrGF).


Nauck was born at Auerstedt in present-day Thuringia. He studied at the University of Halle as a student of Gottfried Bernhardy and Moritz Hermann Eduard Meier. In 1853 he became an adjunct under August Meineke at the Joachimsthal Gymnasium in Berlin. After a brief stint as an educator at the Grauen Kloster (1858), he relocated to St. Petersburg, where in 1869, he was appointed professor of Greek at the historical-philological institute.[1]

Nauck was one of the most distinguished textual critics of his day,[2] although, like PH Peerlkamp, he was fond of altering a text in accordance with what he thought the author must, or ought to, have written.[3]

Published works[edit]

The most important of his writings and translations, all of which deal with Greek language and literature (especially the tragedians) are as follows:

  • Fragments of Aristophanes of Byzantium (1848).
  • Euripidis Tragoediae superstites et deperditarum fragmenta; ex recensione Augusti Nauckii, (1854).[4] (Euripides, tragedies and fragments)
  • Tragicorum Graecorum Fragmenta (1856, last edition, 1983), His chief work — it was intended as a counterpart to Meineke's "comedy fragments", ("Fragmenta comicorum graecorum").[2]
  • Revised edition of Schneidewin's annotated Sophocles (1856, etc.)
  • Porphyrius of Tyre (1860, 2nd ed., 1886); "Porphyrii philosophi Platonici opuscula selecta".
  • Lexikon Vindobonense (1867).[5]
  • texts of Homer, Odyssey (1874) and Iliad (1877–1879); published as "Homerica carmina" (volume I. Ilias; volume II. Odyssea).[6]
  • Iamblichus, De Vita Pythagorica (1884).


  1. ^ ADB: Nauck, August @ Allgemeine Deutsche Biographie
  2. ^ a b Nauck , August @ NDB/ADB Deutsche Biographie
  3. ^ Statement source: The Encyclopædia britannica: a dictionary of arts, sciences ..., Volume 19 edited by Hugh Chisholm
  4. ^ Euripidis Tragoediae
  5. ^ WorldCat Identities Most widely held works by August Nauck
  6. ^ WorldCat Title Homerica carmina

External links[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • Memoir by T Zielinski, in Bursian's Biographisches Jahrbuch (1894), and JE Sandys, History of Classical Scholarship, iii. (1908), pp. 149–152.