Johann Benedict Listing

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Johann Benedict Listing
Nationality German
Alma mater University of Göttingen
Scientific career
Fields Mathematics
Doctoral advisor Carl Friedrich Gauss
Doctoral students Edward Leamington Nichols

Johann Benedict Listing (25 July 1808 – 24 December 1882) was a German mathematician.

J. B. Listing was born in Frankfurt and died in Göttingen. He first introduced the term "topology", in a famous article published in 1847, although he had used the term in correspondence some years earlier. He (independently) discovered the properties of the half-twisted strip at the same time (1858) as August Ferdinand Möbius, and went further in exploring the properties of strips with higher-order twists (paradromic rings). He discovered topological invariants which came to be called Listing numbers.[1]

In ophthalmology, Listing's law describes an essential element of extraocular eye muscle coordination.

External links[edit]


  1. ^ Peirce, C. S., 1992, Reasoning and the Logic of Things: The Cambridge Conference Lectures of 1898, edited with introduction by Kenneth Laine Ketner and with commentary by Hilary Putnam, who discusses Listing numbers starting on page 99. It is currently difficult to find anything online about Listing numbers except in connection with Peirce.