Johann Christian Fischer
Employed as a music copyist and theatre director for the Duke of Mecklenburg-Schwerin at Ludwigslust, Fischer is now credited with the unique Symphony with Eight Obbligato Timpani, formerly attributed to Johann Wilhelm Hertel, court composer at Schwerin. He spent some time in Dresden, but left after the Prussian occupation in the Seven Years' War for extensive concertizing tours, ending in London, where he was active as a performer, composer, and a teacher, and introduced the Continental narrow-bore model of oboe that replaced the bright and penetrating straight-topped English type. In London Fischer joined the largely German "Queen's Band" of George III's German Queen, Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz. Fischer published several teaching manuals for the oboe, with varying titles: The Compleat Tutor for the Hautboy (ca 1770), New and Complete Instructions for the Oboe or Hoboy (ca 1780) and The Hoboy Preceptor (1800). Among his students was composer and oboist Charles J. Suck.
Mozart composed a set of Twelve Variations in C on a Menuett of Johann Christian Fischer (K.179 [189a]).
- Geoffrey Burgess (oboist) and Bruce Haynes, The Oboe, 2004:87
- "The two best-known hautboy soloists in Europe in the 1770s were probably Johann Christian Fischer (1733-1800) and Carlo Besozzi (1738-p.1798)" (Burgess and Haynes 2004:87).
- Naxos.com: Composers
- He met the nine-year-old Mozart at The Hague in 1765 and again in Vienna in 1787, when Mozart was less impressed (Letter, 4 April 1787)..
- Anthony Baines, Woodwind Instruments and Their History, 1967:281.
- F. Anne M.R. Jarvis, "German musicians in London, c.1750 - c.1850" in Stefan Manz, Margrit Schulte Beerbühl, John R. Davis eds., Migration and Transfer from Germany to Britain, 1660-1914 2007:44 and note 38.
- Bruce Haynes, The Eloquent Oboe: A History of the Hautboy 1640-1760, 2001:5.
- National Portrait Gallery, London