Johann Christoph Wendland

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Johann Christoph Wendland (July 17, 1755 – July 27, 1828) was a German botanist and gardener born in Petit-Landau, Alsace.


His son, Heinrich Ludolph Wendland (1791–1869), and his grandson, Hermann Wendland (1825–1903), were also gardeners and botanists.


As a young man he received an education in horticulture at the nursery of Karlsruhe Palace. In 1780 he became a gardener at Herrenhausen Gardens in Hanover, where he gained botanical experience from Jakob Friedrich Ehrhart (1742–1795), the director of the gardens.

Life work[edit]

In 1817 Wendland was appointed inspector at Herrenhausen Gardens.[1] He specialized in the culture of vineyards and peach trees. He created the illustrations for his published works. As a taxonomist, he circumscribed numerous plant genera and species.[2]

Selected publications[edit]

  • Hortus Herrenhusanus, 1788-1801
  • Verzeichnis der Glas- und Treibhauspflanzen des Königlichen Berggartens zu Herrenhausen (List of glass and greenhouse plants of the Herrenhausen Gardens), 1797
  • Botanische Beobachtungen nebst einigen neuen Gattungen und Arten (Botanical observations, including some new genera and species), 1798
  • Ericarum icones et descriptiones; (26 issues)- 1798-1823
  • Collectio plantarum tam exoticarum quam indigenarum; (three volumes until 1819).


  1. ^ BHL Taxonomic literature : a selective guide to botanical publications
  2. ^ IPNI List of plants described and co-described by Wendland.
  3. ^ IPNI.  J.C.Wendl. 
  • This article is based on a translation of text from an equivalent article at the German Wikipedia.