Etching by Franz Xaver Stöber, 1852
As a portrait painter, he was successful at an early age. He studied at the Vienna Academy, and when he had hardly attained his majority won its four leading prizes. In 1818-1819, he joined Count Szecheni of Hungary on a tour of Turkey and Greece. In 1820, he went to Italy, and in Florence and Rome produced a number of works from Biblical and historical subjects. After spending a year in Paris, he returned to Vienna in 1827, where devoted his attention to miniature and historical paintings, being professor at the Academy from 1829 to 1850.
Among his works are:
- “Madonna with Slumbering Christ Child” (Vienna Museum)
- “Marcus Aurelius on His Death Bed” (1814, Esterhazy Gallery)
- “The Crucifixion”, his masterpiece (a fresco in the Vienna Cathedral)
- “Orestes Pursued by the Furies” (1815)
- “Minerva Showing Ithaca to Ulysses” (1816)
- “Assumption” (1817)
- “Sleeping at Christ's Sepulchre” (1817)
- “Judith” (exhibited in 1824)
- “Miguel I of Portugal” (1827) (in the Queluz Palace)
- “Bacchus Finding Ariadne”
Also notable is his great cartoon of the entry of Christ into Jerusalem.
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