Johann Erdmann Hummel
Hummel studied at the Kunsthochschule Kassel from 1780 to 1792. From 1792 to 1799 he lived in Rome, where he befriended various other German landscape painters who opposed the dominant classical style typified by the work of Anton Raphael Mengs. In his works from this period he primarily devoted himself to mythological themes. In 1799 he briefly returned to Kassel, and from there moved to Berlin, where he would remain for the rest of his life with the exception of a few short trips. He worked there as an illustrator, completing a series of engravings for a biography of Martin Luther and painting occasional portraits. In 1809 he became a professor at the Prussian Academy of Arts, teaching courses on perspective, optics, and architecture.
His work is characterized by a craftsman-like attention to detail and a scientific, almost pedantic, emphasis on exact linear perspective. While technically virtuosic, his style changed little over the years and tended to dryness.
- Helmut Börsch-Supan. "Hummel, Johann Erdmann." In Grove Art Online. Oxford Art Online, (accessed December 30, 2011; subscription required).
- Lionel von Donop (1882), "Hummel, Johann Erdmann", Allgemeine Deutsche Biographie (ADB) (in German), 16, Leipzig: Duncker & Humblot, p. 387
- Georg Hummel: Der Maler Johann Erdmann Hummel. Leben und Werk. Leipzig 1954.