Johann Friedrich Franz Burgmüller

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Johann Friedrich Franz Burgmüller from a lithograph, c.1840

Johann Friedrich Franz Burgmüller, generally known as Friedrich Burgmüller (4 December 1806 – 13 February 1874) was a German pianist and composer[1] during the Romantic period. He is perhaps best known for his three collections of children's etudes (or "teaching pieces") for the piano, particularly his Op. 100 "25 Études faciles et progressives" (25 Easy and Progressive Studies) for early intermediate students. The other two collections, for more advanced students, were Op. 105 and 109.

Life[edit]

Friedrich Burgmüller was born in Ratisbon (at that time part of the Principality of Regensburg, Holy Roman Empire).[1] His father Friedrich August Burgmüller and his younger brother Norbert Burgmüller were also composers. His mother was pianist and singer Therese von Zandt.

He moved to Kassel in 1829 to study with Ludwig Spohr and Moritz Hauptmann.[1] There he appeared as a pianist for his first concert, January 14, 1830.[1]

Burgmüller moved to Paris in 1832 (at age 26),[1] where he stayed until his death. Norbert Burgmüller, his brother, made plans to join him in Paris, in 1835. However, he drowned in a spa in Aachen a year later (how he drowned is unknown). In Paris, Burgmüller adopted Parisian music and developed his trademark (light) style of playing. He wrote many pieces of salon music for the piano and published several albums. Burgmüller also went on to compose piano études intended for children. He died in Paris on February 13, 1874.

Works[edit]

Burgmüller composed piano pieces, waltzes, nocturnes, polonaises and two ballets. His Peasant Pas de Deux was added to Adolphe Adam's ballet Giselle for its 1841 premiere. This music was originally titled Souvenirs de Ratisbonne.

Ballets[edit]

With opus numbers[edit]

  • 6 Mélodies gracieuses de Bellini, Op. 26
  • Souvenir de Bellini, Op. 27
  • Souvenir de Schönbrunn, Op. 32
  • La Cachucha, Op. 36
  • Murmures du Rhone, Op. 66
  • Corbeille de roses, Op. 68
  • Fleurs mélodiques, Op. 82
  • Fantaisie brillante sur "Ernani" de Verdi, Op. 92
  • Blaue Äuglein, Op. 93
  • Les Étincelles, Op. 97
  • 25 Études faciles et progressives, Op. 100
  • 12 Études, Op. 105
  • 18 Études, Op. 109

Without opus numbers[edit]

  • L'Ange consolateur
  • Ay Chiquita
  • 3 Nocturnes, for cello and guitar
  • Le Pardon de Ploërmel
  • La Péri
  • Souvenirs de Londres
  • Ballade

References[edit]

External links[edit]

  • Free scores by Burgmüller at the International Music Score Library Project (IMSLP)
  • Werke von und über Johann Friedrich Franz Burgmüller in the German National Library catalogue
  • Free scores Mutopia Project
  • Link to Recording of the Opus 100 Etudes at the Piano Society Website
  • Description of the Opus 100 Etudes by Noriaki Nomoto
  • "Etudes op. 100 von Friedrich Burgmüller, pianoforte Pleyel". YouTube. 7 December 2012. Retrieved 2 June 2013.
  • "Etude op. 100 No 24 (l´hirondelle/ die Schwalbe/ the swallow) of Friedrich Burgmüller". YouTube. 28 March 2021. Retrieved 30 March 2021.