Johann Friedrich von Brandt

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Johann Friedrich von Brandt
Born(1802-05-25)May 25, 1802
DiedJune 15, 1879(1879-06-15) (aged 77)
Alma materUniversity of Berlin
Scientific career
FieldsZoology, Entomology
InstitutionsSt. Petersburg Academy of Sciences

Johann Friedrich von Brandt (25 May 1802 – 15 July 1879) was a German naturalist, who worked mostly in Russia.

Brandt was born in Jüterbog and educated at a gymnasium in Wittenberg and the University of Berlin.

In 1831 he emigrated to Russia,[1] and soon was appointed director of the Zoological Museum of the St Petersburg Academy of Sciences. Brandt encouraged the collection of native animals, many of which were not represented in the museum. Many specimens began to arrive from the expeditions of Severtzov, Przhevalsky, Middendorff, Schrenck and Gustav Radde.

He described several birds collected by Russian explorers off the Pacific Coast of North America, including Brandt's cormorant, red-legged kittiwake and spectacled eider.

As a paleontologist, Brandt ranks among the best. He was also an entomologist, specialising in Coleoptera (beetles) and Diplopoda (millipedes).

He died in Merreküll, Governorate of Estonia.

He is also commemorated in Brandt's bat, Brandt's hedgehog, three other species of mammals, and the lizard Iranolacerta brandtii.[2]


In addition, Johann Friedrich von Brandt concerned the continuation of the work Getreue Darstellung und Beschreibung der in der Arzneykunde gebräuchlichen Gewächse of Friedrich Gottlob Hayne.




  • Anonym 1877 Das fünfzigjährige Doktorjubiläum des Akademikers Geheimrat Johann Friedrich Brandt am 12.(24.) Januar 1876. St. Petersburg.
  • Anonym 1879 [Brandt, J. F.] Botan. Ztg. 37 743
  • Anonym 1879: [Brandt, J. F.] Naturaliste Canad. 1 111
  • Anonym 1879: [Biography] Zool. Anz. 2 480
  • Medvedev, G. S. 2000 [Brandt, J. F.] Trudy Russk. ent. Obsc. 71 6-22, Portr.
  • Ratzeburg, J. T. C. 1874 Forstwissenschaftliches Schriftsteller-Lexikon. Berlin, Nicolai'sche Buchhandlung : X+1-516 72-76
  • Strauch, A. 1889 Das zoologische Museum der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften zu St. Petersburg in seinem fünfzigjährigen Bestehen.


  1. ^ Carozzi A. V. Brandt, Johann Friedrich // Dictionary of scientific biography. Vol. 2. N.Y.: C. Scribner’s Sons, 1970. P. 422-423.
  2. ^ Beolens, Bo; Watkins, Michael; Grayson, Michael (2011). The Eponym Dictionary of Reptiles. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press. xiii + 296 pp. ISBN 978-1-4214-0135-5. ("Brandt", p. 37).
  3. ^ Uniprot Taxonomy
  4. ^ "The Code Online". International Council of Zoological Nomenclature.

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