Johann Gottlob Immanuel Breitkopf

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Johann Gottlob Immanuel Breitkopf

Johann Gottlob Immanuel Breitkopf (Leipzig, 23 November 1719 – 28 January 1794, Leipzig) was a German music publisher and typographer.


Breitkopf was the son of the publisher Bernhard Christoph Breitkopf, founder of the publishing house Breitkopf & Härtel. He was born in Leipzig and attended the University of Leipzig. His investigations in history and mathematics led him to a scientific study of printing, which resulted in a more artistic development of German text, and an improvement of musical notation (1754). He revolutionized the music score printing with movable types, and fonts designed as Breitkopf Fraktur.


An excerpt from Immanuel Kant's What is Enlightenment? as a sample of the font Breitkopf Fraktur
  • O. Hase (1876), "Breitkopf und Härtel", Allgemeine Deutsche Biographie (ADB) (in German), 3, Leipzig: Duncker & Humblot, pp. 296–303
  • Wolfgang Schmieder (1955), "Breitkopf, Johann Gottlob", Neue Deutsche Biographie (NDB) (in German), 2, Berlin: Duncker & Humblot, pp. 578–579
  • Wikisource-logo.svg This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainGilman, D. C.; Peck, H. T.; Colby, F. M., eds. (1905). "Breitkopf, Johann Gottlob Immanuel" . New International Encyclopedia (1st ed.). New York: Dodd, Mead.

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