Johann Heinrich Schönfeld
Johann Heinrich Schönfeld
Portrait by Joachim von Sandrart
|Born||23 March 1609|
Johann Heinrich Schönfeld (1609–1684) was a German painter in the Baroque style.
He was the son of Johann Baptist Schönfeld (?-1635); a goldsmith. From birth, he was blind in his left eye and could only use his right hand for simple tasks, so he was not trained as a goldsmith, as would have otherwise been the case. Instead, he received lessons in painting from Caspar Sichelbein in Memmingen. Later, he took study trips to Stuttgart and Basel.
In 1633, at the height of the Thirty Years' War, he fled to Italy. Originally, he lived in Rome, then moved to Naples around 1649. After a brief stay in Dresden he returned home in 1651. The following year, in Pfuhl (near Ulm) he married Anna Elisabetha Strauß. They had eight children together. Shortly after their marriage, they moved to Augsburg, where he became a citizen and a member of the Master's Guild..
In the following years, he created many church paintings; notably at Würzburg Cathedral, where he painted Christ carrying the Cross and a likeness of Saint Leonard of Noblac. Both paintings burned during the bombing of Würzburg in World War II.. In addition to religious works, he painted mythological and genre scenes.
One of his best-known students was Johann Schmidtner.
- Ausstellungsbegleiter Schönfeldausstellung 2010 - 2011, Salzburger Barockmuseum, 2011
- Stefan Kummer: "Architektur und bildende Kunst von den Anfängen der Renaissance bis zum Ausgang des Barock." In: Ulrich Wagner (Ed.): Geschichte der Stadt Würzburg. Vol.2, Vom Bauernkrieg 1525 bis zum Übergang an das Königreich Bayern 1814. Theiss, Stuttgart 2004, ISBN 3-8062-1477-8
- Herbert Pée: Johann Heinrich Schönfeld. Bilder, Zeichnungen, Graphik. Museum Ulm, Ulm 1967 (Exhibition catalog, Ulm, Museum Ulm, 2. July – 17. September 1967).
- Ursula Zeller (Ed.): Johann Heinrich Schönfeld – Welt der Götter, Heiligen und Heldenmythen. DuMont, Köln 2009, ISBN 978-3-8321-9243-3 (Exhibition catalog, Friedrichshafen, Zeppelin Museum, 16. October 2009 – 7. February 2010).
- Christof Trepesch (Ed.): Maler von Welt. Johann Heinrich Schönfeld im Bestand der Kunstsammlungen und Museen Augsburg. Deutscher Kunstverlag, Berlin 2010, ISBN 978-3-422-07017-2 (Exhibition catalog, Augsburg, Schaezlerpalais, 10. July – 17. October 2010).
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- Wilhelm Schmidt (1891), "Schönfeld, Johann Heinrich", Allgemeine Deutsche Biographie (ADB) (in German), 32, Leipzig: Duncker & Humblot, pp. 302–303
- Christoph Bellot (2007), "Schönfeld, Johann Heinrich", Neue Deutsche Biographie (NDB) (in German), 23, Berlin: Duncker & Humblot, pp. 408–409; (full text online)
- Literature by and about Johann Heinrich Schönfeld in the German National Library catalogue
- "Works by Johann Heinrich Schönfeld". Zeno.org (in German).
- Biography @ the Augsburger-Gedenktage