Johann Jacob Schweppe

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Johann Jacob Schweppe
1783 Johann Jacob Schweppe.jpg
Born(1740-03-16)March 16, 1740
DiedNovember 18, 1821(1821-11-18) (aged 81)
  • Watchmaker
  • jeweler
  • scientist
  • beverage company founder
Years active1765−1821
Known formanufacturing carbonated mineral water, company founder
Notable work
Schweppes founder

Johann Jacob Schweppe (/ˈʃvɛpə/, German pronunciation: [ˈʃvɛpə]) (16 March 1740 – 18 November 1821) was a German-Swiss watchmaker and amateur scientist who developed the first practical process to manufacture bottled carbonated mineral water, based on a process discovered by Joseph Priestley in 1767. His company, Schweppes, regards Priestley as “the father of our industry”.[1]

Schweppe was born in Witzenhausen in the Landgraviate of Hesse-Kassel. He moved to Geneva in 1765 to work as a watchmaker and jeweler, and founded the Schweppes Company in Geneva in 1783.[2] The addition of carbon dioxide was considered, at the time, to have medicinal properties. In 1792 he moved to London to develop the business there, but it was not successful and failed in 1795. However Erasmus Darwin, the grandfather of Charles Darwin, began talking up the beverage, which started to become popular. Schweppe returned to Geneva and died in 1821. In 1831, King William IV of the United Kingdom adopted the beverage which could then use the famous "by appointment to". It subsequently became very popular.[3]


  1. ^ LaMoreaux, Philip E. (2012). Springs and Bottled Waters of the World: Ancient History, Source, Occurrence, Quality and Use. Springer Science & Business Media. p. 135.
  2. ^ Morgenthaler, Jeffrey (2014). Bar Book: Elements of Cocktail Technique. Chronicle Books. p. 54. ISBN 9781452130279.
  3. ^ "nous sommes en 1783 - Archives de la Tribune de Geneve". Retrieved August 4, 2011.[permanent dead link]