Johann Jacob Schweppe
|Johann Jacob Schweppe|
March 16, 1740|
Witzenhausen, Landgraviate of Hessen-Kassel Holy Roman Empire
November 18, 1821 (aged 81)|
|Known for||manufacturing carbonated mineral water|
|Notable work||Schweppes founder|
Johann Jacob Schweppe (16 March 1740 – 18 November 1821) was a German-Swiss watchmaker and amateur scientist who developed the first practical process to manufacture bottled carbonated mineral water, based on a process discovered by Joseph Priestley in 1767. His company, Schweppes, regards Priestley as “the father of our industry”.
Schweppe was born in Witzenhausen in the Landgraviate of Hessen-Kassel. He moved to Geneva in 1765 to work as a watchmaker and jeweller, and founded the Schweppes Company in Geneva in 1783. The addition of carbon dioxide was considered, at the time, to have medicinal properties. In 1792 he moved to London to develop the business there, but it was not successful and failed in 1795. However Erasmus Darwin, the grandfather of Charles Darwin, began talking up the beverage, which started to become popular. Schweppe returned to Geneva in 1821. In 1831, King William IV of the United Kingdom adopted the beverage which could then use the famous "by appointment to". It subsequently became very popular.
- LaMoreaux, Philip E. (2012). Springs and Bottled Waters of the World: Ancient History, Source, Occurrence, Quality and Use. Springer Science & Business Media. p. 135.
- Morgenthaler, Jeffrey (2014). Bar Book: Elements of Cocktail Technique. Chronicle Books. p. 54.
- "nous sommes en 1783 - Archives de la Tribune de Geneve". Archives.tdg.ch. Retrieved 2011-08-04.[permanent dead link]