Johann Philipp von Hattorf
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Life and career
He was the son of Johann von Hattorf and Anna Mülle, and married Marie Margarethe von Molan on 29 July 1705. Hattorf was one of fifteen ministers and advisers who came to Great Britain with George I in 1714. From that year until 1723, he served as secretary of the German Chancery with Andreas Gottlieb von Bernstorff as head. In July 1719, Hattorf and Northern Secretary James Stanhope, 1st Earl Stanhope, pushed Bernstorff out of office, leaving Hanoverian politics to fall into the hands of British ministers.
Hans Caspar von Bothmer took over as de facto head of the Chancery in 1720 until Bernstorff formally retired in 1723. From that time on, Hattorf was the official Chancery office head, although Bothmer continued in his role as unofficial head until his own death in 1732. Unlike his predecessor, Hattorf lacked political confidence during the reigns of George I and George II and died quietly in 1737 at Hampton Court, being succeeded in his role by Ernst von Steinberg. He left behind one daughter, Johanne Louise.
- Derek McKay, 'The Struggle for Control of George I’s Northern Policy, 1718-19', The Journal of Modern History, vol. 45, no. 3 (September 1973), p. 383
- Leo van Pas, Genealogics.org (Accessed 18 August 2009).
- Jeremy Black, George II: Puppet of the Politicians? (Exeter: UP, 2007).
- Ragnhild Hatton, George I (New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 2001).
Andreas Gottlieb von Bernstorff
|Head of the German Chancery in London
Ernst von Steinberg
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