Johann Salomo Christoph Schweigger
8 April 1779
|Died||6 September 1857 (aged 78)|
|Alma mater||University of Erlangen-Nuremberg|
|Known for||First galvanometer|
|Fields||Physics, chemistry, mathematics|
|Institutions||Bayreuth Gymnasium |
University of Erlangen-Nuremberg
University of Halle-Wittenberg
|Academic advisors||Georg Friedrich Hildebrandt|
Karl Christian von Langsdorf
Johann Tobias Mayer
|Doctoral students||Wilhelm Eduard Weber|
|Other notable students||Franz Wilhelm Schweigger-Seidel|
J.S.C.Schweigger was the son of Friedrich Christian Lorenz Schweigger, professor of theologie in Erlangen (1786 until his death in 1802). He studied philosophy in Erlangen. His PhD involved the Homeric Question revived at that time by Friedrich August Wolf. Johann Tobias Mayer, Georg Friedrich Hildebrandt and Karl Christian von Langsdorf convinced him to switch to physics and chemistry and he lectured on this subjects in Erlangen until 1803 before taking a position as schoolteacher in Bayreuth and in 1811 in Nuremberg. During 1816-1819 he was appointed professor of philosophy in Erlangen teaching physics and chemistry. 1816 he was elected member of the Leopoldina. 1819 he moved on to the university of Halle.
In 1820 he built the first sensitive galvanometer, naming it after Luigi Galvani. He created this instrument, acceptable for actual measurement as well as detection of small amounts of electric current, by wrapping a coil of wire around a graduated compass. The instrument was initially called a multiplier.
- Einleitung in die Mythologie auf dem Standpunkte der Naturwissenschaft, Halle (1836) - Introduction to mythology, from the standpoint of natural science.
- Über naturwissenschaftliche Mysterien in ihrem Verhältnis zur Litteratur des Altertums, Halle (1843) - Involving scientific mysteries in their relation to the literature of antiquity.
- Über das Elektron der Alten, Greifswald (1848) - On the electron of the past.
- Über die stöchiometrischen Reihen, Halle (1853) - On the stoichiometry series.
- J. S. C. Schweigger: His Romanticism and His Crystal Electrical Theory of Matter by H. A. M. Snelders (1971)
- Carl Friedrich Philipp von Martius; Denkrede auf Johann Salomo Christoph Schweigger: Gehalten in der öffentlichen Sitzung der Königl. Bayer. Akademie der Wissenschaften am 28. Nov. 1857; in german; may be retrieved online at: www.digitale-sammlungen.de
- "Schweigger Multiplier – 1820". Maglab. National High Magnetic Field Laboratory. Retrieved 17 October 2017.
- Publications copied from an equivalent article at the German Wikipedia.