John, Count Palatine of Gelnhausen

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John, Count Palatine of Gelnhausen
Born (1698-05-24)24 May 1698
Died 10 February 1780(1780-02-10) (aged 81)
Noble family House of Wittelsbach
Spouse(s) Sophie Charlotte of Salm-Dhaun
Father John Charles, Count Palatine of Gelnhausen
Mother Esther Maria of Witzleben-Elgersburg

John, Count Palatine of Gelnhausen (24 May 1698 in Gelnhausen – 10 February 1780 in Mannheim) was Count Palatine and Duke of Zweibrücken-Birkenfeld at Gelnhausen.


John was the younger son of the Duke and Count Palatine John Charles of Birkenfeld-Gelnhausen (1638-1704) from his second marriage with Esther Maria (1665-1725), a daughter of Baron George Frederick of Witzleben-Elgersburg.

He was a Feldzeugmeister in the army of the Electoral Palatinate and commander of all troops and knights of the Palatinate Order of St. Hubert. John was also a governor of Palatine Duchy of Jülich and commander of the fortress of Jülich. He mainly lived in Mannheim. After the death of his brother Frederick Bernard in 1739, he succeeded as Count Palatine of Birkenfeld-Gelnhausen.

Marriage and issue[edit]

Johann married in 1743 in Dhaun with Sophie Charlotte (1719-1770), a daughter of the Wild- and Rhinegrave Charles of Salm-Dhaun. Sophie Charlotte was the granddaughter of two of Johann's first cousins, making the couple first cousins twice removed in descent from Christian I, Count Palatine of Birkenfeld-Bischweiler. They had the following children:

  • Charles John Louis (1745-1789)
  • Louise (1748-1829)
married Count Henry XXX of Reuss-Gera (1727-1802)
  • Johanna Sophie (1751-1752)
  • William (1752-1837), Duke in Bavaria
married in 1780 Countess Palatine Maria Anna of Zweibrücken-Birkenfeld (1753-1824)
  • Friederike (1753-1753)
  • Sophia (1757-1760)
  • Christian (1760-1761)
  • John (1764-1765).



  • Johann Samuel Ersch: Allgemeine Encyklopädie der Wissenschaften und Künste: in alphabetischer Folge, section 2: H–N, part 21: Johann (Infant von Castilien) - Johann-Boniten, p. 189
  • Maximilian V. Sattler: Lehrbuch der bayerischen Geschichte, Lindauer, 1868, p. 412
John, Count Palatine of Gelnhausen
Born: 24 May 1698 Died: 10 February 1780
Preceded by
Frederick Bernard
Count Palatine of Gelnhausen
Succeeded by
Charles John Louis