Johanna Helena Herolt

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Fruit still life with insects, ca. 1690

Johanna Helena Herolt (1 May 1668 – 1723) was an 18th-century botanical artist from Germany.

Biography[edit]

Herolt was the eldest daughter of the painters Maria Sibylla Merian and Johann Andreas Graff, and learned to paint from them along with her sister Dorothea Maria Graff.[1] Though she was born in Frankfurt, in 1670 the family moved to Nuremberg, where she was raised.[1] In 1681 her mother returned to Frankfurt without her father, in order to live with her mother after her stepfather Jacob Marrel's death.[2] Though Johann Graff joined his family later, in 1686 Merian left her husband and moved with her two daughters and her mother to a religious community of Labadists in Wieuwerd, Friesland.[2] Johann Graff made various attempts at reconciliation but eventually returned to Germany.[1] In 1691 the four women moved to Amsterdam, where they set up a studio painting flowers and botanical subjects, continuing Merian's work on "The Caterpillar Book".[2] Johanna married the merchant Jacob Hendrik Herolt, also an ex-Labadist, on 28 June 1692.[2] They had two children and Johanna began to take on her own commissions, working for Agnes Block and the Amsterdam Hortus like her mother.[2]

Johanna moved with her husband to Surinam in 1711 where she died sometime after 1723.[1]

Works[edit]

A numbered series of 49 drawings signed by Herolt on vellum are in the collection of the Herzog Anton Ulrich Museum, in Brunswick.[2] This series was possibly commissioned by the Mennonite botanist and collector Agnes Block. Other drawings by Herolt are in the British Museum.[2]

Gallery[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Johanna Helena Herolt in the RKD
  2. ^ a b c d e f g Johanna Helena Herolt in the Instituut voor Nederlandse Geschiedenis