Johannes Frederik Hulk
|Johannes Frederik Hulk Sr.|
9 January 1829|
|Died||12 June 1911
|Known for||Painting, drawing, photography|
|Spouse(s)||Hermine Cornelie Auguste Mulder
Life and work
Hulk was born in Amsterdam in 1829. He was the youngest son of the merchant Hendrik Hulk and his English wife Mary Burroughs. He received painting lessons from his older brother Abraham and from Kasparus Karsen. As a painter he mainly painted landscapes, seascapes, cities, villages, and harbors. He gave painting lessons to his son Johannes Frederik "John" Hulk Jr., and to Bernard de Hoog, Bertha Müller, and Elias Stark. He was a member of the artists' society Arti et Amicitiae in Amsterdam.
Hulk was not only a painter, but also a draftsman and owned a painting and drawing supplies store, De Rembrandt ("The Rembrandt"), on the Rokin in Amsterdam. After the advent of photography, he trained himself in this new discipline. Together with his partner, Pieter Vlaander, he ran a photographic studio called Rembrandt, also on the Rokin. They worked together as the photographic studio Hulk & Vlaander until 1867. They also opened a studio on the Geldersekade in Rotterdam.
Hulk lived and worked most of his life in Amsterdam and in the nearby Sloten. After 1901 he lived successively in Vreeland, Abcoude and Haarlem. Hulk was married twice. From his first marriage to Hermine Cornelie Auguste Mulder, he had a daughter Betsy (1853–1903) and a son John. After the death of his first wife in 1866, he married his housekeeper Margaritha Bakker in 1868 in Muiden. He died in 1911 in Haarlem. He is buried at the family cemetery in Muiderberg.
- Biographical data about Johannes Frederik Hulk Sr. on the website of the Netherlands Institute for Art History
- Allgemeines Künstlerlexikon ("Artists of the world"): Hulk, J. F.
- Leijerzapf, Ingeborg Th. Johannes Frederik Hulk sr.
- Obituary of J.F. Hulk. Het nieuws van den dag ("The news of the day"), June 15, 1911