Johannes Gerckens Bassøe
|Johannes Gerckens Bassøe|
|Governor of Svalbard|
|Succeeded by||Helge Ingstad|
April 23, 1878|
|Died||July 30, 1962(aged 84)|
Johannes Gerckens Bassøe (23 April 1878 – 30 July 1962) was a Norwegian jurist and civil servant. He is known as the first Governor of Svalbard, assuming office in October 1925, although there had been an Acting Governor since August. Bassøe was later County Governor of Troms and Vestfold.
Bassøe was born in Råde, and graduated from the University with the cand.jur. Degree in 1901. He had brief spells as a jurist in both Stavanger, Ålesund, Tromsø and Gjøvik before being hired as a secretary in the Ministry of Trade, Shipping and Industry in 1905. In 1913, this ministry was restructured, and Bassøe went to the Ministry of Foreign Affairs. He was promoted to assistant secretary in 1914, but left the Ministry of Foreign Affairs in 1916 when the Ministry of Trade was re-established.
On 4 September 1925 he was appointed as Norway's first permanent Governor of Svalbard, holding office to 1933. Assistant secretary Edvard Lassen had been Acting County Governor since August 1925, when the ceremonial Norwegian takeover of Svalbard had taken place. When Bassøe arrived at Svalbard in October 1925, though, the Norwegian administration of the archipelago was barely developed. Bassøe was not given his own office building, nor a private house. He spent the winter in a Barentsburg radio outpost that belonged to Televerket. The Mine Superintendent of Svalbard, Hans Merckoll, spent the winter in mainland Norway, leaving only Bassøe as an official representative. Most of the local infrastructure was provided by the mining company Store Norske Spitsbergen Kulkompani.
Bassøe was also County Governor of Troms from 1928 to 1938 and County Governor of Vestfold from 1938. During the German occupation of Norway, which lasted from 1940 to 1945, Bassøe was eventually found unacceptable by Nazi authorities. He was replaced by Halvor P. Hektoen in 1942, and after two years Christopher A. Lange took over. Following the liberation of Norway on 8 May 1945, Bassøe was reinstated. He retired in 1948.
- "Dødsfall". Verdens Gang (in Norwegian). 2 August 1962. p. 7.
- Sørensen, Tore. "Bassø kommer til Svalbard" (in Norwegian). Norwegian Polar Institute, Troms County Municipality, University of Tromsø. Retrieved 29 April 2009.
- Berg, Ole T. (2007). "fylke". In Henriksen, Petter. Store norske leksikon (in Norwegian). Oslo: Kunnskapsforlaget. Retrieved 28 April 2009.
- Sørensen, Tore. "Sysselmannen på Svalbards vanskelige barndom" (in Norwegian). Norwegian Polar Institute, Troms County Municipality, University of Tromsø. Retrieved 29 April 2009.
- Mogård, Lars Egil (26 April 1999). "Utvisningene på Svalbard". Nordlys (in Norwegian). p. 4.
- Hegtun, Halvor (21 November 1989). "Rene idyllen på Svalbard". Aftenposten (in Norwegian). p. 6.
- Svendsen, H. Blom, ed. (2001) . Sem og Slagen. En bygdebok (in Norwegian). 2. Tønsberg: Vestfold University College. Retrieved 28 April 2009.
Edvard Lassen (acting)
|Governor of Svalbard
|County Governor of Troms
Gunnar Bjørn Nordbye
|County Governor of Vestfold