Johannes Hoffmann

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For other people named Johannes Hoffmann, see Johannes Hoffmann (disambiguation).
Johannes Hoffmann
Minister President of Bavaria
In office
Preceded by Kurt Eisner
Succeeded by Gustav Ritter von Kahr
Minister of Education
In office
Personal details
Born (1867-07-03)3 July 1867
Died 15 December 1930(1930-12-15) (aged 63)
Nationality German
Political party Sozialdemokratische Partei Deutschlands
Occupation Teacher
Religion Protestant

Johannes Hoffmann (3 July 1867 in Ilbesheim – 15 December 1930 in Berlin) was a Bavarian Minister-President and member of the SPD.


Born in Ilbesheim, near Landau, his parents were Peter Hoffmann and Maria Eva Keller. After he completed his training to be a teacher, Johannes Hoffmann served as a teacher in Kaiserslautern from 1887 to 1908.

In 1908, he was elected member of the Landtag. From 1912 to 1919 he held the position of second mayor of Kaiserslautern. In 1912, he was elected to the German Reichstag.

After the revolution of November 1918, he served as Minister of Education under prime minister Kurt Eisner and later succeed him on 17 March 1919[1] as the first freely elected Bavarian Minister President.

Ousted from Munich by the Bavarian Council Republic, parliament and government moved to Bamberg in April 1919, where Hoffmann took part in the working out of the Bavarian Constitution ("Bamberg Constitution"). His government returned to Munich again in May 1919.

On 16 March 1920, he was succeeded by Gustav von Kahr.[2] This occurred after he was forced out of office by the Bavarian Civil Guards and freikorps forces.[3]

During his tenure as Minister of Education, he removed the Bavarian schooling system from the supervision of the church.


  1. ^ Free state of Bavaria - List of ministers at the Wayback Machine (archived 29 July 2009)
  2. ^ Bayern (Bavaria) - Minister-presidents
  3. ^ Diehl, James M. Paramilitary Politics in Weimar Germany. Indiana University Press, 1977. Pg.72-74.

External links[edit]

Political offices
Preceded by
Kurt Eisner
Prime Minister of Bavaria
1919 – 1920
Succeeded by
Gustav von Kahr