Jan Burgers

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J. M. Burgers
Johannes Martinus Burgers.jpg
Jan Burgers
Born(1895-01-13)January 13, 1895
DiedJune 7, 1981(1981-06-07) (aged 86)
Washington, United States
NationalityDutch
Alma materUniversity of Leiden
Known forBateman-Burgers equation
Burgers vortex
Burgers material
Burgers vector
AwardsASME Medal (1965)
Otto Laporte Award (1974)
Scientific career
FieldsPhysicist
InstitutionsDelft University of Technology
University of Maryland
Doctoral advisorPaul Ehrenfest

Johannes (Jan) Martinus Burgers (January 13, 1895 – June 7, 1981) was a Dutch physicist and the brother of the physicist Wilhelm G. Burgers. Burgers studied in Leiden under Paul Ehrenfest, where he obtained his PhD in 1918.[1] He is credited to be the father of Burgers' equation, the Burgers vector in dislocation theory and the Burgers material in viscoelasticity.[2]

Jan Burgers was one of the co-founders of the International Union of Theoretical and Applied Mechanics (IUTAM) in 1946, and was its secretary-general from 1946 until 1952.[3]

In 1931 he became member of the Royal Netherlands Academy of Arts and Sciences, in 1955 he became foreign member.[4]

Early life and education[edit]

Burgers was born in Arnhem, Netherlands. There he attended both primary and secondary school.[5] He attended Leiden University from 1914 until 1917. Burgers became a Doctor of Mathematical and Physical Sciences in 1918, writing a thesis entitled "Het Atoommodel van Rutherford-Bohr" (The Model of the Atom according to Rutherford and Bohr).[5]

Career[edit]

Jan Burgers took his first position out of graduate school as Conservator at the Physical Laboratory of the Teyler's Foundation. From September 1918 until October 1955, Dr. Burgers was professor of Aerodynamics and Hydrodynamics at the Delft University of Technology.[5] He was also secretary of the Department of Mechanical Engineering and Shipbuilding (1921-1924) and later the department's chairman (1929-1931).[5] Burgers also worked with scientists including Theodore von Karman, L. Prandt, R. von Mises, G.I. Taylor and W.F. Durand, and Paul Ehrenfest.[5] Jan Burgers researched fluid dynamics, worked on the theory of turbulence, and explored what came to be known as the Burgers' equation.[5] He also studied crystallography with his brother Wilhelm G. Burgers.[6]

Burgers and his wife, Anna immigrated to the United States in 1955 where Burgers accepted a position of research professor at the Institute for Physical Dynamics and Applied Mathematics (now the Institute for Physical Science and Technology) at the University of Maryland, College Park.[5] Burgers continued his interest in fluid dynamics while at the University of Maryland, and was recognized for his studies in gas dynamics, plasma physics, shock waves, and related phenomena.[5] Burgers retired from the University of Maryland in 1965.[6]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Johannes Martinus Burgers (1918). "Het atoommodel van Rutherford-Bohr" (PDF).
  2. ^ "Obituary: Jan Burgers". Physics Today. 35 (1): 84–85. January 1982. Bibcode:1982PhT....35a..84D. doi:10.1063/1.2890021.[permanent dead link]
  3. ^ Fons Alkemade. "Some of IUTAM's history". IUTAM. Archived from the original on 2011-07-17. Retrieved 2011-07-30.
  4. ^ "Johannes Martinus Burgers (1895 - 1981)". Royal Netherlands Academy of Arts and Sciences. Retrieved 26 July 2015.
  5. ^ a b c d e f g h "Collection: Johannes Martinus Burgers papers | Archival Collections". archives.lib.umd.edu. Retrieved 2020-08-11.
  6. ^ a b "Burgers, J. M. (Johannes Martinus), 1895-1981". history.aip.org. Retrieved 2020-08-11.

References[edit]

  • Nieuwstadt, F.T.M.; Steketee, J.A., eds. (1995). Selected Papers of J.M. Burgers. Kluwer Academic Publishers. ISBN 0-7923-3265-2.

External links[edit]