J. M. Burgers
|Died||June 7, 1981 (aged 86)|
Washington, United States
|Alma mater||University of Leiden|
|Known for||Bateman-Burgers equation|
|Awards||ASME Medal (1965)|
Otto Laporte Award (1974)
|Institutions||Delft University of Technology|
University of Maryland
|Doctoral advisor||Paul Ehrenfest|
Johannes (Jan) Martinus Burgers (January 13, 1895 – June 7, 1981) was a Dutch physicist and the brother of the physicist Wilhelm G. Burgers. Burgers studied in Leiden under Paul Ehrenfest, where he obtained his PhD in 1918. He is credited to be the father of Burgers' equation, the Burgers vector in dislocation theory and the Burgers material in viscoelasticity.
Jan Burgers was one of the co-founders of the International Union of Theoretical and Applied Mechanics (IUTAM) in 1946, and was its secretary-general from 1946 until 1952.
Early life and education
Burgers was born in Arnhem, Netherlands. There he attended both primary and secondary school. He attended Leiden University from 1914 until 1917. Burgers became a Doctor of Mathematical and Physical Sciences in 1918, writing a thesis entitled "Het Atoommodel van Rutherford-Bohr" (The Model of the Atom according to Rutherford and Bohr).
Jan Burgers took his first position out of graduate school as Conservator at the Physical Laboratory of the Teyler's Foundation. From September 1918 until October 1955, Dr. Burgers was professor of Aerodynamics and Hydrodynamics at the Delft University of Technology. He was also secretary of the Department of Mechanical Engineering and Shipbuilding (1921-1924) and later the department's chairman (1929-1931). Burgers also worked with scientists including Theodore von Karman, L. Prandt, R. von Mises, G.I. Taylor and W.F. Durand, and Paul Ehrenfest. Jan Burgers researched fluid dynamics, worked on the theory of turbulence, and explored what came to be known as the Burgers' equation. He also studied crystallography with his brother Wilhelm G. Burgers.
Burgers and his wife, Anna immigrated to the United States in 1955 where Burgers accepted a position of research professor at the Institute for Physical Dynamics and Applied Mathematics (now the Institute for Physical Science and Technology) at the University of Maryland, College Park. Burgers continued his interest in fluid dynamics while at the University of Maryland, and was recognized for his studies in gas dynamics, plasma physics, shock waves, and related phenomena. Burgers retired from the University of Maryland in 1965.
- Johannes Martinus Burgers (1918). "Het atoommodel van Rutherford-Bohr" (PDF).
- "Obituary: Jan Burgers". Physics Today. 35 (1): 84–85. January 1982. Bibcode:1982PhT....35a..84D. doi:10.1063/1.2890021.[permanent dead link]
- Fons Alkemade. "Some of IUTAM's history". IUTAM. Archived from the original on 2011-07-17. Retrieved 2011-07-30.
- "Johannes Martinus Burgers (1895 - 1981)". Royal Netherlands Academy of Arts and Sciences. Retrieved 26 July 2015.
- "Collection: Johannes Martinus Burgers papers | Archival Collections". archives.lib.umd.edu. Retrieved 2020-08-11.
- "Burgers, J. M. (Johannes Martinus), 1895-1981". history.aip.org. Retrieved 2020-08-11.
- Nieuwstadt, F.T.M.; Steketee, J.A., eds. (1995). Selected Papers of J.M. Burgers. Kluwer Academic Publishers. ISBN 0-7923-3265-2.
|Wikiquote has quotations related to Jan Burgers.|
- Johannes Martinus Burgers at the Mathematics Genealogy Project
- A.J.Q. Alkemade, Burgers, Johannes Martinus (1895–1981), in Biografisch Woordenboek van Nederland. (in Dutch)
- "Johannes Martinus Burgers; 13 January 1895 to 7 June 1981", biography at the University of Maryland
- JM Burgers Centrum
- The Burgers program for fluid dynamics at the University of Maryland
- Oral History interview transcript with Johannes Burgers 9 June 1962, American Institute of Physics, Niels Bohr Library and Archives
- Burgers, J. M. (1963). "On the emergence of patterns of order". Bull. Amer. Math. Soc. 69: 1–25. doi:10.1090/s0002-9904-1963-10832-0. MR 0143359., 32nd Gibbs lecture delivered by Burgers at Philadelphia, Tuesday, 20 January 1959