Johannes Steen

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Johannes Steen

Johannes Wilhelm Christian Steen (22 July 1827 - 1 April 1906) was a Norwegian politician and educator who served as Prime Minister of Norway from 1891 to 1893 and from 1898 to 1902.[1]

He was born in Christiania (now Oslo, Norway). He grew up in Vesteraalen as the son of Judge and Member of Parliament John Svaboe Steen (1798– 1872). His brother Frederik Steen was also a member of Parliament. [2]

He was a cand.philol. at the University of Christiania in 1848. Over the next 42 years, Steen combined his profession as teacher and educationist with a political career. He served as a teacher in Bergen (1850-55) and Tromsø (1855-1866). He was mayor of Tromsø (1856-1862) and (1864-1866). From 1866 he was rector of Stavanger Latin School. He was mayor of Stavanger (1872-1883) and (1885-1890.) [3]

In 1859 he was first elected member of the Storting for Tromsø. In 1868, Steen was elected to the Storting for Stavanger. From 1871, the Storting became increasingly marked by political struggle. Steen first became Prime Minister in 1891. In 1894, Steen was re-elected to the Storting from Trondheim. He subsequently held the position of Prime Minister from 1898–1902. Steen's final administration was responsible for the 1902 Land Sales Act, which limited the buying or leasing of state-owned land to fluent Norwegian speakers, barring the Saami people from the purchase of their traditional hunting and grazing grounds.[4]

Personal life[edit]

He was married in 1849 to Elise Henriette Stoltenberg (1826-1896). He died in 1906 at Voss in Hordaland, Norway.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Johannes Steen". Norwegian Government Administration Services. Retrieved June 10, 2016. 
  2. ^ Gunnar Garbo. "Johannes Steen, Skolemann, Politiker". Norsk biografisk leksikon. Retrieved June 10, 2016. 
  3. ^ Johannes Steen (Store norske leksikon)
  4. ^ BBC History Magazine, January 2011 The Saami of Scaninavia p. 19;
Political offices
Preceded by
Emil Stang
Prime Minister of Norway
1891–1893
Succeeded by
Emil Stang
Preceded by
Francis Hagerup
Prime Minister of Norway
1898–1902
Succeeded by
Otto Albert Blehr