Johannes Wiese

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Johannes Wiese
Johannes Wiese.jpg
Johannes Wiese
Nickname(s)"Lion of Kuban"
Born(1915-03-07)7 March 1915
Breslau, Schlesien
Died16 August 1991(1991-08-16) (aged 76)
Kirchzarten
Allegiance Nazi Germany (to 1945)
 West Germany
Service/branchArmy (1934–36)
Balkenkreuz (Iron Cross) Luftwaffe (1936–45)
Bundeswehrkreuz (Iron Cross) German Air Force (1956–70)
Years of service1934–45, 1956–70
RankMajor (Wehrmacht)
Oberstleutnant (Bundeswehr)
UnitJG 52, JG 77
Commands held2./JG 52, I./JG 52, JG 77
Battles/wars
AwardsKnight's Cross of the Iron Cross with Oak Leaves

Johannes Wiese (7 March 1915 – 16 August 1991) was a German Luftwaffe pilot during World War II, a fighter ace credited with 133 enemy aircraft shot down in 480 combat missions. He claimed all of his victories over the Eastern Front, including over 50 Ilyushin Il-2 Shturmovik ground attack aircraft.

Born in Breslau, Wiese volunteered for military service in the Reichswehr of Nazi Germany in 1934.[Note 1] Initially serving in the Heer (Army), he transferred to the Luftwaffe (Air Force) in 1936. Following flight training, he was posted to Jagdgeschwader 52 (JG 52—52nd Fighter Wing) in June 1941 just prior to Operation Barbarossa, the invasion of the Soviet Union. He claimed his first aerial victory on 23 September 1941. On 26 June 1942, Wiese was appointed Staffelkapitän (squadron leader) of the 2. Staffel (2nd squadron) of JG 52 and received the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross on 5 January 1943 following his 53rd aerial victory. On 11 May 1943, Wiese was tasked with the leadership of I. Gruppe (1st group) of JG 52 and was officially appointed its Gruppenkommandeur (group commander) on 13 November 1943. Following his 133rd aerial victory, he received the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross with Oak Leaves on 2 March 1944.

In October 1944, Wiese was posted to the Geschwaderstab (headquarters unit) of Jagdgeschwader 77 (JG 77—77th Fighter Wing) in Defense of the Reich and on 7 November 1944, he was appointed its Geschwaderkommodore (wing commander). After the war in 1956 he joined the Bundeswehr and worked for the Military History Research Office. He retired on 10 November 1970 holding the rank of Oberstleutnant (Lieutenant Colonel). Wiese died on 16 August 1991 in Kirchzarten and was buried in Berlin-Nikolassee.

Early life and career[edit]

Wiese was born on 7 March 1915, in Breslau in the Kingdom of Prussia of the German Empire, present-day Wrocław in western Poland, the son of a minister. In 1934, Wiese volunteered for service in the Heer (German Army) and joined Infanterie-Regiment 6 (6th Infantry Regiment).[2]

In 1936, Wiese transferred to the Luftwaffe as an Oberfähnrich (Officer candidate). There, he was trained as an aerial observer with the Heeresaufklärer (Army Reconnaissance). Wiese was promoted to Leutnant (second lieutenant) on 1 April 1937, and in September 1938 transferred to the Fliegerersatzabteilung 17 (17th Flier Replacement Unit) in Quedlinburg. He then volunteered for the Jagdwaffe (fighter force) and holding the rank of Oberleutnant (first lieutenant) he began fighter pilot training in October 1938.[2][Note 2]

World War II[edit]

Eastern Front[edit]

Wiese was posted to a front-line unit in June 1941, almost two years after the start of World War II. His unit was the Geschwaderstab (headquarters unit) of Jagdgeschwader 52 (JG 52—52nd Fighter Wing) where he served as an adjutant.[Note 3] On 22 June, the Geschwader crossed into Soviet airspace in support of Operation Barbarossa, the invasion of the Soviet Union, which opened the Eastern Front. He claimed his first aerial victory on 23 September 1941 and was awarded the Iron Cross 2nd Class (Eisernes Kreuz zweiter Klasse) on 27 September 1941 and the Front Flying Clasp of the Luftwaffe in Silver (Frontflugspange in Silber) on 11 October 1941.[2]

Wiese received the Iron Cross 1st Class (Eisernes Kreuz erster Klasse) on 1 May 1942. Following his 7th aerial victory he was appointed Staffelkapitän (squadron leader) of the 2. Staffel (2nd squadron) of JG 52 on 26 June 1942 and received the Front Flying Clasp of the Luftwaffe in Gold (Frontflugspange in Gold) on 13 July 1942. On 29 September 1942, Wiese he claimed his 25th aerial victory. On 25 October 1942, he became an "ace-in-a-day" for the first time, claiming victories 29 to 33. Wiese was awarded the Honour Goblet of the Luftwaffe (Ehrenpokal der Luftwaffe) on 6 November 1942.[2]

He became an "ace-in-a-day" again on 16 December 1942, which took his total to 43. On 25 December, Wiese claimed his 50th aerial victory. He was awarded the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross (Ritterkreuz des Eisernen Kreuzes) on 5 January 1943 following his 53rd aerial victory. The presentation was made by General der Flieger (General of the Flyers) Günther Korten in Rossosh on the Eastern Front.[4] Sources contradict themselves on the exact date of the presentation of the German Cross in Gold (Deutsches Kreuz in Gold). According to Thomas, Patzwall and Scherzer, the presentation was made on 5 December 1942.[5][6] According to Obermaier and Stockert, the presentation occurred on 8 February 1943.[7][8]

I./JG 52 insignia

Following a lengthy home leave, Wiese was tasked with the leadership of I. Gruppe (1st group) of JG 52 on 11 May 1943. The former commander, Major Helmut Bennemann had been severely injured by an incendiary bomb the day before.[9] Initially, Wiese led both 2. Staffel and I. Gruppe in unison until on 1 July Oberleutnant Paul-Heinrich Dähne was given command of the Staffel.[10] On 13 November 1943, he was officially appointed Gruppenkommandeur (group commander) of I. Gruppe and at the end of 1943, Wiese was promoted to Major (major).[8] His most successful day was 5 July 1943, the first day of the Battle of Kursk, when he shot down twelve enemy aircraft in one mission, a double "ace-in-a-day" achievement.[11] All 12 victories were over Ilyushin Il-2 Sturmovikground attack aircraft and took his total to 95 victories.[8] On 17 July 1943, Wiese was credited with his 100th aerial victory.[12] He was the 45th Luftwaffe pilot to achieve the century mark.[13] In end July, Wiese had fallen sick and had to go to a Bad Wiessee for treatment. During his absence, Hauptmann Gerhard Barkhorn, the commander of 4. Staffel, temporarily led I. Gruppe from 4 to 30 August.[14]

Following his 133rd aerial victory and his last, Wiese was awarded the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross with Oak Leaves (Ritterkreuz des Eisernen Kreuzes mit Eichenlaub) on 2 March 1944, the 418th officer or soldier of the Wehrmacht so honored.[8] Wiese and fellow JG 52 pilots Erich Hartmann, Walter Krupinski, for the Oak Leaves presentation, and Gerhard Barkhorn, for the Swords to his Knight's Cross presentation, travelled on an overnight train from the Anhalter Bahnhof in Berlin to the Führerhauptquartier (Führer Headquarter) at the Berghof in Berchtesgaden for the award ceremony by Adolf Hitler on 4 April 1944. Also present at the award ceremony were Kurt Bühligen, Horst Ademeit, Reinhard Seiler, Hans-Joachim Jabs, Dr. Maximilian Otte, Bernhard Jope and Hansgeorg Bätcher from the bomber force, and the Flak officer Fritz Petersen, all destined to receive the Oak Leaves. On the train, all of them got drunk on cognac and champagne. Supporting each other and unable to stand, they arrived at Berchtesgaden. Major Nicolaus von Below, Hitler's Luftwaffe adjutant, was shocked. After some sobering up, they were still intoxicated. Hartmann took a German officer's hat from a stand and put it on, but it was too large. Von Below became upset, told Hartmann it was Hitler's and ordered him to put it back.[15]

On 19 May 1944, Wiese was severely injured in combat. Following his convalescence, he was posted to the Verbandsführerschule (Training School for Unit Leaders) of the General der Jagdflieger (General of Fighters) at Königsberg in der Neumark, present-day Chojna in western Poland, on 11 June 1944. This ended his service on the Eastern Front.[8]

Defense of the Reich and wing commander of JG 77[edit]

On 19 June 1944, Wiese participated in comparison test flights at the Luftwaffe's main testing ground for new aircraft designs at Rechlin. On that day, the Luftwaffe tested and compared the Messerschmitt Bf 109 G-6, a Bf 109 G-6/AS, a Focke-Wulf Fw 190 A-8 against a P-47 Thunderbolt and a P-51 Mustang.[16]

red heart in black square
Herzas (Ace of Hearts) emblem of JG 77

In October 1944, Wiese was posted to the Geschwaderstab of Jagdgeschwader 77 (JG 77—77th Fighter Wing) in Defense of the Reich on the Western Front. On 7 November 1944, he was appointed Geschwaderkommodore (wing commander) of JG 77, replacing Oberstleutnant (Lieutenant Colonel) Johannes Steinhoff, who was given command of Jagdgeschwader 7 "Nowotny" (JG 7—7th Fighter Wing), the first operational jet fighter wing in the world.[17][18] Officially, command was handed over on 1 December 1944.[19]

On 16 December 1944, the Wehrmacht launched its last major offensive campaign of the war. The operation codenamed Unternehmen Wacht am Rhein, or Battle of the Bulge (16 December 1944 – 25 January 1945), which failed to achieve its objectives, intended to split the British and American Allied line in half, so the Germans could then proceed to encircle and destroy four Allied armies, forcing the Western Allies to negotiate a peace treaty in the Axis Powers' favor.[20]

Wiese led JG 77 in the opening phase of the offensive until 25 December 1944, when he was severely injured in a training exercise. Wiese and his wingman, Feldwebel (Sergeant) Hansch, took off at 11:20 a.m. on a training flight over German held territory. The plan was to meet up with I. Gruppe but the two failed to establish contact. Instead, flying at an altitude of 8,700 meters (28,500 feet), they encountered a flight of Supermarine Spitfires in the vicinity of Bottrop and Essen. In the resulting aerial combat, both Bf 109 G-14s were shot down, Hansch was killed in action while Wiese bailed out. He came down near Essen-Dellwig. His parachute only opened partially, resulting in a harsh landing, and loss of consciousness. Wiese was taken to a field hospital at Bottrop where he was diagnosed with a concussion and minor skull fracture. He spent the rest of the winter in hospital, and was replaced as commander by Major Siegfried Freytag.[21] Their victors may have been Spitfires from the Royal Canadian Air Force (RCAF) No. 401 Squadron which claimed two Bf 109s from the Stab of JG 77 shot down over Duisburg that day. One of these victories was credited to Flying Officer John MacKay.[22]

Wiese surrendered to U.S. forces at the end of the war and was handed over by the Americans to the Soviet Red Army on 6 September 1945. Wiese spent over four years in Soviet prisoner of war camps and was released on 28 November 1949. He was officially credited with 133 victories claimed in 480 combat missions. Additionally, he had 25 more unconfirmed claims. Among his claims were over 50 Il-2 Sturomoviks. Soviet fighter pilots therefore greatly respected Wiese, and referred to him as the "Lion of Kuban", a name he earned during combat over the Kuban bridgehead.[17]

Later life[edit]

After the war in 1956, Wiese joined the Bundeswehr, the armed forces of the Federal Republic of Germany, and worked for the Military History Research Office.[23] He retired on 10 November 1970 holding the rank of Oberstleutnant. Wiese died on 16 August 1991 in Kirchzarten and was buried in Berlin-Nikolassee.[17]

Summary of career[edit]

Aerial victory claims[edit]

According to US historian David T. Zabecki, Wiese was credited with 133 aerial victories.[24] Matthews and Foreman, authors of Luftwaffe Aces — Biographies and Victory Claims, researched the German Federal Archives and state that Wiese was credited with 118 aerial victories, plus 27 further unconfirmed claims. All of his victories were claimed on the Eastern Front.[25]

Victory claims were logged to a map-reference (PQ = Planquadrat), for example "PQ 49423". The Luftwaffe grid map (Jägermeldenetz) covered all of Europe, western Russia and North Africa and was composed of rectangles measuring 15 minutes of latitude by 30 minutes of longitude, an area of about 360 square miles (930 km2). These sectors were then subdivided into 36 smaller units to give a location area 3 × 4 km in size.[26]

Chronicle of aerial victories

  This and the ♠ (Ace of spades) indicates those aerial victories which made Wiese an "ace-in-a-day", a term which designates a fighter pilot who has shot down five or more airplanes in a single day.
  This and the – (dash) indicates unconfirmed aerial victory claims for which Wiese did not receive credit.
  This and the ! (exclamation mark) indicates those aerial victories listed by Prien, Stemmer, Rodeike and Bock.
  This and the # (hash mark) indicates those aerial victories listed by Matthews and Foreman.
  This and the ? (question mark) indicates an unnumbered claim listed by Prien, Stemmer, Rodeike and Bock.

Claim! Claim# Date Time Type Location Claim! Claim# Date Time Type Location
Stab of Jagdgeschwader 52 –[27]
Operation Barbarossa — 22 June – 5 December 1941
1 1 23 September 1941 17:37 DB-3[28]
Stab of Jagdgeschwader 52 –[27]
Eastern Front — March – April 1942
2 2 30 March 1942 11:45 R-10 (Seversky)[29] 5 5 20 April 1942 14:55 I-61 (MiG-3)[29]
3 3 19 April 1942 11:47 I-153[29] 6 6 21 April 1942 15:25 I-301 (LaGG-3)[29]
4 4 19 April 1942 15:21 I-61 (MiG-3)[29] 7 7 22 April 1942 06:55 I-301 (LaGG-3)[29]
Stab of Jagdgeschwader 52 –[27]
Eastern Front — May 1942
8 8 2 June 1942 12:25 I-16[30]
– 2. Staffel of Jagdgeschwader 52 –[31]
Eastern Front — July 1942 – 3 February 1943
2 July 1942
LaGG-3 30 30 25 October 1942 11:23 Il-2 PQ 49423[32]
25 km (16 mi) east of Stalingrad
9 9 5 July 1942 13:02 Boston[33] 31 31 25 October 1942 14:07 Il-2 PQ 49361[32]
10 km (6.2 mi) south of Stalingrad
6 July 1942
LaGG-3 32 32 25 October 1942 14:12 Il-2 PQ 49362[32]
10 km (6.2 mi) south of Stalingrad
6 July 1942
Pe-2 33 33 25 October 1942 14:14 Il-2 PQ 49334[32]
south of Stalingrad
10 10 10 July 1942 13:55 LaGG-3[33] 34 34 27 October 1942 16:17 La-5 PQ 49273[32]
15 km (9.3 mi) east of Stalingrad
11 11 3 August 1942 17:00 Pe-2 PQ 76583[34]
vicinity of Temryuk
29 October 1942
unknown
12 12 4 August 1942 05:20 LaGG-3 PQ 66652[34]
vicinity of Malikut
29 October 1942
unknown
13 13 5 August 1942 04:45 LaGG-3 PQ 66661[34]
Kerch Strait, west of Zaporozhskaya
35 35 31 October 1942 06:05 Yak-1 PQ 49363[32]
10 km (6.2 mi) south of Stalingrad
14 14 11 August 1942 08:20 LaGG-3 PQ 75272[34]
north of Krymsk
36 36 31 October 1942 09:55 LaGG-3 PQ 49413[32]
vicinity of Krasnaya Sloboda
15 15 13 August 1942 12:50 LaGG-3 PQ 76422[34]
northeast of Novorossiysk
37 37 31 October 1942 14:00 Yak-1 PQ 49412[32]
5 km (3.1 mi) east of Stalingrad
16 16 18 August 1942 16:50 I-180 (Yak-7) PQ 54134[34]
vicinity of Duminichi
31 October 1942
Yak-1
18 August 1942
Yak-7 38 38 2 November 1942 09:05 Yak-1 PQ 49273[32]
15 km (9.3 mi) east of Stalingrad
17 17 21 August 1942 14:22 Yak-1 PQ 64173[34] ?[Note 4]
16 December 1942
Il-2[36]
18 18 23 August 1942 09:57 Yak-1 PQ 54263[37]
vicinity of Uljanowo
?[Note 4]
16 December 1942
Il-2[36]
19 19 3 September 1942 14:54 Il-2 PQ 57712[37]
Sea of Azov
?[Note 4]
16 December 1942
Il-2[36]
3 September 1942
unknown ?[Note 4]
16 December 1942
Il-2[36]
3 September 1942
unknown ?[Note 4]
16 December 1942
Il-2[36]
3 September 1942
unknown ?[Note 4] 39 17 December 1942 13:32 Il-2 PQ 01342[36]
20 20 5 September 1942 14:00 Il-2 PQ 46271[37]
17 December 1942
MiG-3
21 21 11 September 1942 11:10 Yak-1 PQ 47871[38]
17 December 1942
MiG-3
12 September 1942
LaGG-3 ?[Note 4]
6 November – 31 December 1942
unknown
22 22 13 September 1942 16:14 Il-2 PQ 47592[38] 47 40 21 December 1942 07:37 MiG-3?[Note 5] PQ 01564[36]
south of Kamenka
23 23 26 September 1942 05:55 LaGG-3 PQ 30142[40] 48 41 21 December 1942 07:38 MiG-3[Note 5] PQ 10742[36]
24 24 28 September 1942 05:47 Il-2 PQ 49262[40]
35–40 km (22–25 mi) east of Stalingrad
49 42 25 December 1942 13:02 Il-2 PQ 01771[36]
25 25 29 September 1942 15:47 LaGG-3 PQ 49292[40]
40 km (25 mi) east of Stalingrad
50 43 25 December 1942 13:05 Il-2 PQ 01775[36]
26 26 2 October 1942 11:34 Il-2 PQ 49271[40]
5 km (3.1 mi) east of Stalingrad
51 44 25 December 1942 13:08 Il-2 PQ 01753[36]
27 27 9 October 1942 15:00 Yak-1 PQ 49733[40]
35–40 km (22–25 mi) north of Grebenka
52 45 29 December 1942 12:20 La-5 PQ 01234[36]
28 28 14 October 1942 07:30 Yak-1 PQ 40581[32]
50 km (31 mi) north-northwest of Grebenka
53 46 29 December 1942 12:45 MiG-3 PQ 00134[41]
29 29 17 October 1942 07:27 I-180 (Yak-7) PQ 49272[32]
10 km (6.2 mi) east of Stalingrad
– 2. Staffel of Jagdgeschwader 52 –[39]
Eastern Front — 4 February – June 1943
54 47 7 May 1943 12:34 Yak-1 PQ 35 Ost 71742, 8 km (5.0 mi) south of Bely Kolodez[42] 66 59 30 May 1943 15:35 Il-2 m.H.[Note 6] PQ 34 Ost 76893[43]
south of Bakanskij
55 48 7 May 1943 18:25 LaGG-3 PQ 35 Ost 6130, 15 km (9.3 mi) southeast of Belgorod[42] 67 60 30 May 1943 15:38 Il-2 m.H.[Note 6] PQ 34 Ost 75233[43]
west of Krymsk
56 49 9 May 1943 06:28 Yak-1 PQ 34 Ost 98853[43]
10 km (6.2 mi) south of Rostov
68 61 2 June 1943 13:30 Il-2 m.H.[Note 6] PQ 34 Ost 75232[44]
north of Krymsk
57 50 9 May 1943 15:25 Il-2 m.H.[Note 6] PQ 35 Ost 61455[43]
15 km (9.3 mi) northeast of Belgorod[42]
69 62 2 June 1943 13:32 La-5 PQ 34 Ost 75262, west of Krymskaja[44]
south of Krymsk
58 51 26 May 1943 05:55 Yak-1 PQ 34 Ost 86777[43]
vicinity of Bondarenka
70 63 5 June 1943 18:15 Il-2 m.H.[Note 6] PQ 34 Ost 75262, 5 km (3.1 mi) east of Moldawanskoje[44]
59 52 26 May 1943 08:32 Pe-2 PQ 34 Ost 85112[43]
north of Mertschanskaja
71 64 5 June 1943 18:18 Il-2 m.H.[Note 6] PQ 34 Ost 75262, 3 km (1.9 mi) west of Krymskaja[44]
60 53 26 May 1943 08:40 Spitfire PQ 34 Ost 85152[43]
east of Sorin
72 65 5 June 1943 18:22 Yak-1 PQ 34 Ost 75262, 4 km (2.5 mi) west of Krymskaja[44]
61 54 26 May 1943 17:37 LaGG-3 PQ 34 Ost 75222[43]
vicinity of Gladkowskaja Krassnyj
73 66 6 June 1943 17:38 Il-2 m.H.[Note 6] PQ 34 Ost 76812[44]
62 55 27 May 1943 18:28 Il-2 m.H.[Note 6] PQ 34 Ost 75262[43]
south of Krymsk
74 67 6 June 1943 17:42 Il-2 m.H.[Note 6] PQ 34 Ost 76683[44]
vicinity of Sswistelijnikoff
63 56 28 May 1943 18:05 Il-2 m.H.[Note 6] PQ 34 Ost 75232[43]
northwest of Krymsk
75 68 7 June 1943 09:22 La-5 PQ 34 Ost 76823[44]
vicinity of Kalabatka
64 57 28 May 1943 18:08 Yak-1 PQ 34 Ost 75232[43]
north of Krymsk
76 69 21 June 1943 17:14 Il-2 m.H.[Note 6] PQ 34 Ost 76851[44]
northeast of Varenikovskaya
65 58 28 May 1943 18:12 La-5 PQ 34 Ost 75234[43]
vicinity of Krymsk
– I. Gruppe of Jagdgeschwader 52 –[45]
Eastern Front — July – 31 December 1943
77♠ 70 5 July 1943 03:47 Il-2 m.H.[Note 6] PQ 35 Ost 61891[44]
20 km (12 mi) south-southwest of Bilyi Kolodiaz
102 87 17 July 1943 05:45 Il-2 m.H.[Note 6] PQ 35 Ost 62742, 3 km (1.9 mi) west of Oboyan[46]
78♠ 71 5 July 1943 03:55 Il-2 m.H.[Note 6] PQ 35 Ost 60123[44] 103 88 17 July 1943 05:50 Il-2 PQ 35 Ost 62753, 5 km (3.1 mi) south of Oboyan[46]
79♠ 72 5 July 1943 04:03 Il-2 m.H.[Note 6] PQ 35 Ost 60193[44] 104 89 18 July 1943 17:52 Yak-1 PQ 34 Ost 88256, south of Marinovka[46]
vicinity of Kalinovka
80♠ 73 5 July 1943 07:50 Il-2 m.H.[Note 6] PQ 35 Ost 61321[44] 105 90 18 July 1943 17:53 Yak-1 PQ 34 Ost 88256, south of Marinovka[46]
vicinity of Kalinovka
81♠ 74 5 July 1943 08:12 Il-2 m.H.[Note 6] PQ 35 Ost 61321[44] 106 91 20 July 1943 07:25 Il-2 m.H.[Note 6] PQ 34 Ost 88252, south of Marinovka[46]
25 km (16 mi) east-northeast of Kuteinikowo
82♠ 75 5 July 1943 09:40 Il-2 PQ 35 Ost 61352[47] 107 92 22 July 1943 15:10 Yak-1 PQ 34 Ost 88259, southeast of Kalinovka[46]
83♠ 76 5 July 1943 15:25 Il-2 m.H.[Note 6] PQ 35 Ost 61812[47] 108 93 23 July 1943 19:01 Yak-1 PQ 34 Ost 89889[46]
20 km (12 mi) north of Jalisawehino
84♠ 77 5 July 1943 18:30 Il-2 PQ 35 Ost 61622, 3 km (1.9 mi) south of Poljana[47] 109 94 27 July 1943 15:14 Il-2 m.H.[Note 6] PQ 34 Ost 88258, 3 km (1.9 mi) west of Kalinovka[46]
85♠ 78 5 July 1943 18:33 Il-2 m.H.[Note 6] PQ 35 Ost 61622, 4 km (2.5 mi) south of Poljana[47] 110 95 27 July 1943 15:18 Il-2 m.H.[Note 6] PQ 34 Ost 88294, 6 km (3.7 mi) south-southeast of Kalinovka[46]
86♠ 79 5 July 1943 18:40 Il-2 m.H.[Note 6] PQ 35 Ost 61624, 3 km (1.9 mi) northeast of Wolkowo[47] 111 96 13 October 1943 10:23 Il-2 m.H.[Note 6] PQ 34 Ost 58182[48]
5 km (3.1 mi) southeast of Zaporizhia
87♠ 80 5 July 1943 18:45 Il-2 PQ 35 Ost 61651, 3 km (1.9 mi) southwest of Wolkowo[47] 112 97 13 October 1943 10:26 Il-2 m.H.[Note 6] PQ 34 Ost 58162[48]
20 km (12 mi) east of Zaporizhia
88♠ 81 5 July 1943 18:50 Il-2 PQ 35 Ost 61621, 2 km (1.2 mi) northeast of Toplinka[47] 113 98 14 October 1943 11:58 Yak-1 PQ 34 Ost 58154, south of Saporoshkaja[48]
northeast of Zaporizhia
5 July 1943 18:55 Il-2 vicinity of Toplinka[47] 114 99 19 October 1943 07:58 Pe-2 PQ 34 Ost 49312[48]
vicinity of Borodajewka
89 82 6 July 1943 18:15 La-5 PQ 35 Ost 61242, vicinity of Leski[47]
10 km (6.2 mi) south of Prokhorovka
115♠ 100 20 October 1943 10:21 Il-2 m.H.[Note 6] PQ 34 Ost 48283[48]
25 km (16 mi) west of Zaporizhia
90 6 July 1943 18:25 La-5 PQ 35 Ost 61243, south of Luchki[47] 116♠ 101 20 October 1943 10:23 Il-2 m.H.[Note 6] PQ 34 Ost 48281[48]
25 km (16 mi) west of Zaporizhia
91
7 July 1943 09:27 La-5 PQ 35 Ost 61253[47] 117♠ 102 20 October 1943 10:26 Il-2 PQ 34 Ost 48281[48]
25 km (16 mi) west of Zaporizhia
92
7 July 1943
Il-2[47] 118♠ 103 20 October 1943 10:33 Il-2 PQ 34 Ost 48291[48]
20 km (12 mi) west of Zaporizhia
93
7 July 1943
Il-2[47] 119♠ 104 20 October 1943 10:35 Il-2 PQ 34 Ost 48283[48]
25 km (16 mi) west of Zaporizhia
94
7 July 1943
Il-2[47] 120♠ 105 20 October 1943 12:09 Il-2 m.H.[Note 6] PQ 34 Ost 48294[48]
20 km (12 mi) west of Zaporizhia
95
7 July 1943
Il-2[47] 121♠ 106 20 October 1943 12:10 Il-2 m.H.[Note 6] PQ 34 Ost 58181[48]
5 km (3.1 mi) southeast of Zaporizhia
96
7 July 1943
Il-2[47] 122 107 23 October 1943 15:23 La-5 PQ 34 Ost 49842[49]
40 km (25 mi) south-southwest of Werchnedjeprowak
97
7 July 1943
Il-2[47] 123 108 28 October 1943 10:13 Il-2 m.H.[Note 6] PQ 34 Ost 47193[49]
20 km (12 mi) northwest of Ivanovka
98 83 16 July 1943 05:25 Il-2 m.H.[Note 6] PQ 35 Ost 61212, 10 km (6.2 mi) southwest of Prokhorovka[46] 124 109 28 October 1943 10:15 Il-2 m.H.[Note 6] PQ 34 Ost 47193[49]
20 km (12 mi) northwest of Ivanovka
99 84 16 July 1943 05:30 Il-2 PQ 35 Ost 61212, 10 km (6.2 mi) southwest of Prokhorovka[46] 125 110 28 October 1943 10:18 Il-2 m.H.[Note 6] PQ 34 Ost 47271[49]
20 km (12 mi) north of Ivanovka
100 85 17 July 1943 05:40 Il-2 m.H.[Note 6] PQ 35 Ost 61121, 5 km (3.1 mi) northeast of Bogatoje[46] 126 111 28 October 1943 10:21 Il-2 m.H.[Note 6] PQ 34 Ost 47242[49]
20 km (12 mi) north of Ivanovka
101 86 17 July 1943 05:41 Il-2 PQ 35 Ost 62753, west of Alisowka[46]
10 km (6.2 mi) south of Oboyan
29 October 1943
La-5[49]
– I. Gruppe of Jagdgeschwader 52 –[50]
Eastern Front — 1 January – February 1944
127 112 6 January 1944 14:27 Il-2 131 116 26 January 1944 07:59 Il-2 vicinity of Kerch
128 113 7 January 1944 11:35 Il-2 2 km (1.2 mi) north of Gruskoje 132 117 22 February 1944 08:05 Yak-9 30 km (19 mi) southeast of Apostolove
129 114 7 January 1944 11:38 Il-2 10 km (6.2 mi) northwest of Kirovograd 133 118 22 February 1944 08:10 Yak-9 45 km (28 mi) south-southwest of Nikopol
130 115 8 January 1944 13:03 Yak-9 20 km (12 mi) north-northwest of Bobrinez

Awards[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ From 1919, Germany's national defense force was known as the Reichswehr. That name was dropped in favor of Wehrmacht on 16 March 1935.[1]
  2. ^ Flight training in the Luftwaffe progressed through the levels A1, A2 and B1, B2, referred to as A/B flight training. A training included theoretical and practical training in aerobatics, navigation, long-distance flights and dead-stick landings. The B courses included high-altitude flights, instrument flights, night landings and training to handle the aircraft in difficult situations.[3]
  3. ^ For an explanation of Luftwaffe unit designations see Organization of the Luftwaffe during World War II.
  4. ^ a b c d e f g According to Prien, Stemmer, Rodeike and Bock, Wiese claimed five confirmed aerial victories over Ilyushin Il-2 ground-attack aircraft on 16 December and another on 17 December 1942. However, these six claims are unnumbered. The authors additionally state that Wiese was credited with another aerial victory of unknown type in the timeframe 6 November to 31 December 1942. The first numbered claim is listed on 21 December 1942 and labeled as his 47th aerial victory.[35]
  5. ^ a b According to Matthews and Foreman claimed as a Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-1.[39]
  6. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai The "m.H." refers to an Ilyushin Il-2 with rear gunner (mit Heckschütze).
  7. ^ According to Obermaier and Thomas on 6 November 1942.[5][7]
  8. ^ According to Obermaier and Stockert on 8 February 1943.[7][8]

References[edit]

Citations[edit]

  1. ^ "Proklamation der Reichsregierung an das deutsche Volk bezüglich der Einführung der allgemeinen Wehrpflicht" [Proclamation of the German Government to the German people regarding the introduction of compulsory military service] (in German). Retrieved 19 April 2015.
  2. ^ a b c d e f Stockert 2007, p. 35.
  3. ^ Bergström, Antipov & Sundin 2003, p. 17.
  4. ^ Stockert 2007, p. 36.
  5. ^ a b c d Thomas 1998, p. 443.
  6. ^ a b Patzwall & Scherzer 2001, p. 512.
  7. ^ a b c Obermaier 1989, p. 62.
  8. ^ a b c d e f Stockert 2007, p. 37.
  9. ^ Prien et al. 2012, pp. 278, 295.
  10. ^ Prien et al. 2012, pp. 278.
  11. ^ Weal 2004, p. 94.
  12. ^ Bergström 2007, p. 97.
  13. ^ Obermaier 1989, p. 244.
  14. ^ Prien et al. 2012, pp. 249, 278.
  15. ^ Braatz 2010, p. 119.
  16. ^ Creek & Petrick 2003, p. 109.
  17. ^ a b c Stockert 2007, p. 38.
  18. ^ Prien 1995, p. 2191.
  19. ^ Prien 1995, p. 2370.
  20. ^ Prien 1995, pp. 2208–2209.
  21. ^ Prien 1995, pp. 2232–2233.
  22. ^ Thomas 2014, p. 66.
  23. ^ "Nr: 30, Die Ritterkreuzträger des Jagdgeschwaders 52, Wiese, Johannes". Traditionsgemeinschaft Jagdgeschwader 52 (in German). Retrieved 19 August 2015.
  24. ^ Zabecki 2019, p. 329.
  25. ^ Matthews & Foreman 2015, pp. 1417–1419.
  26. ^ Planquadrat.
  27. ^ a b c Matthews & Foreman 2015, p. 1417.
  28. ^ Prien et al. 2003, p. 10.
  29. ^ a b c d e f Prien et al. 2005, p. 125.
  30. ^ Prien et al. 2006, p. 390.
  31. ^ Matthews & Foreman 2015, pp. 1417–1418.
  32. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k Prien et al. 2006, p. 437.
  33. ^ a b Prien et al. 2006, p. 431.
  34. ^ a b c d e f g Prien et al. 2006, p. 433.
  35. ^ Prien et al. 2006, pp. 438–439.
  36. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l Prien et al. 2006, p. 438.
  37. ^ a b c Prien et al. 2006, p. 434.
  38. ^ a b Prien et al. 2006, p. 435.
  39. ^ a b Matthews & Foreman 2015, p. 1418.
  40. ^ a b c d e Prien et al. 2006, p. 436.
  41. ^ Prien et al. 2006, p. 439.
  42. ^ a b c Prien et al. 2012, p. 283.
  43. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l Prien et al. 2012, p. 284.
  44. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n Prien et al. 2012, p. 285.
  45. ^ Matthews & Foreman 2015, pp. 1418–1419.
  46. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m Prien et al. 2012, p. 287.
  47. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q Prien et al. 2012, p. 286.
  48. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k Prien et al. 2012, p. 291.
  49. ^ a b c d e f Prien et al. 2012, p. 292.
  50. ^ Matthews & Foreman 2015, p. 1419.
  51. ^ Patzwall 2008, p. 217.
  52. ^ a b Scherzer 2007, p. 785.
  53. ^ Fellgiebel 2000, p. 446.
  54. ^ Fellgiebel 2000, p. 79.

Bibliography[edit]

  • Bergström, Christer. "Bergström Black Cross/Red Star website". Identifying a Luftwaffe Planquadrat. Archived from the original on 22 December 2018. Retrieved 16 January 2019.
  • Bergström, Christer (2007). Kursk—The Final Air Battle: July 1943. Hersham, Surrey: Classic Publications. ISBN 978-1-903223-88-8.
  • Bergström, Christer; Antipov, Vlad; Sundin, Claes (2003). Graf & Grislawski – A Pair of Aces. Hamilton MT: Eagle Editions. ISBN 978-0-9721060-4-7.
  • Braatz, Kurt (2010). Walter Krupinski – Jagdflieger, Geheimagent, General [Walter Krupinski – Fighter Pilot, Spy, General] (in German). Moosburg, Germany: NeunundzwanzigSechs Verlag. ISBN 978-3-9811615-5-7.
  • Creek, Eddie J.; Petrick, Peter (2003). On Special Missions: The Luftwaffe's Research and Experimental Squadrons 1923–1945. Hersham: Classic. ISBN 978-1-903223-33-8.
  • Fellgiebel, Walther-Peer (2000) [1986]. Die Träger des Ritterkreuzes des Eisernen Kreuzes 1939–1945 — Die Inhaber der höchsten Auszeichnung des Zweiten Weltkrieges aller Wehrmachtteile [The Bearers of the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross 1939–1945 — The Owners of the Highest Award of the Second World War of all Wehrmacht Branches] (in German). Friedberg, Germany: Podzun-Pallas. ISBN 978-3-7909-0284-6.
  • Matthews, Andrew Johannes; Foreman, John (2015). Luftwaffe Aces — Biographies and Victory Claims — Volume 4 S–Z. Walton on Thames: Red Kite. ISBN 978-1-906592-21-9.
  • Obermaier, Ernst (1989). Die Ritterkreuzträger der Luftwaffe Jagdflieger 1939 – 1945 [The Knight's Cross Bearers of the Luftwaffe Fighter Force 1939 – 1945] (in German). Mainz, Germany: Verlag Dieter Hoffmann. ISBN 978-3-87341-065-7.
  • Patzwall, Klaus D.; Scherzer, Veit (2001). Das Deutsche Kreuz 1941 – 1945 Geschichte und Inhaber Band II [The German Cross 1941 – 1945 History and Recipients Volume 2] (in German). Norderstedt, Germany: Verlag Klaus D. Patzwall. ISBN 978-3-931533-45-8.
  • Patzwall, Klaus D. (2008). Der Ehrenpokal für besondere Leistung im Luftkrieg [The Honor Goblet for Outstanding Achievement in the Air War] (in German). Norderstedt, Germany: Verlag Klaus D. Patzwall. ISBN 978-3-931533-08-3.
  • Prien, Jochen (1995). Geschichte des Jagdgeschwaders 77—Teil 4—1944–1945 [History of Jagdgeschwader 77—Volume 4—1944–1945] (in German). Eutin, Germany: Struve-Druck. ISBN 978-3-923457-29-8.
  • Prien, Jochen; Stemmer, Gerhard; Rodeike, Peter; Bock, Winfried (2003). Die Jagdfliegerverbände der Deutschen Luftwaffe 1934 bis 1945—Teil 6/II—Unternehmen "BARBAROSSA"—Einsatz im Osten—22.6. bis 5.12.1941 [The Fighter Units of the German Air Force 1934 to 1945—Part 6/II—Operation "BARBAROSSA"—Action in the East—22 June to 5 December 1941] (in German). Eutin, Germany: Struve-Druck. ISBN 978-3-923457-70-0.
  • Prien, Jochen; Stemmer, Gerhard; Rodeike, Peter; Bock, Winfried (2005). Die Jagdfliegerverbände der Deutschen Luftwaffe 1934 bis 1945—Teil 9/I—Winterkampf im Osten—6.12.1941 bis 30.4.1942 [The Fighter Units of the German Air Force 1934 to 1945—Part 9/I—Winter War in the East—6 December 1941 to 30 April 1942] (in German). Eutin, Germany: Struve-Druck. ISBN 978-3-923457-76-2.
  • Prien, Jochen; Stemmer, Gerhard; Rodeike, Peter; Bock, Winfried (2006). Die Jagdfliegerverbände der Deutschen Luftwaffe 1934 bis 1945—Teil 9/II—Vom Sommerfeldzug 1942 bis zur Niederlage von Stalingrad—1.5.1942 bis 3.2.1943 [The Fighter Units of the German Air Force 1934 to 1945—Part 9/II—From the 1942 Summer Campaign to the Defeat at Stalingrad—1 May 1942 to 3 February 1943] (in German). Eutin, Germany: Struve-Druck. ISBN 978-3-923457-77-9.
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  • Thomas, Andrew (2014). Spitfire Aces of Northwest Europe 1944–45. London, UK: Osprey Publishing. ISBN 978-1-78200-338-0.
  • Weal, John (2004). Jagdgeschwader 52: The Experten (Aviation Elite Units). London, UK: Osprey Publishing. ISBN 978-1-84176-786-4.
  • Zabecki, David T., ed. (2019). The German War Machine in World War II. Santa Barbara, California: ABC-Clio. ISBN 978-1-44-086918-1.
Military offices
Preceded by
Oberstleutnant Johannes Steinhoff
Commander of Jagdgeschwader 77 "Herz As"
1 December 1944 – 25 December 1944
Succeeded by