John 10

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John 10
P. Oxy. 208 (J 16,14-22).jpg
John 16:14-22 on the recto side of Papyrus 5, written about AD 250.
Book Gospel of John
Bible part New Testament
Order in the Bible part 4
Category Gospel

John 10 is the tenth chapter of the Gospel of John in the New Testament of the Christian Bible. It records the sermon of Jesus Christ about Him being the "Good Shepherd" and contains the only mention of Hanukkah, the Feast of Dedication, in the New Testament.[1] The book containing this chapter is anonymous, but early Christian tradition uniformly affirmed that John composed this Gospel.[2]

Text[edit]

Places[edit]

Events recorded in this chapter refer to the following locations:

Structure[edit]

The New King James Version organises this chapter as follows:

Cross reference[edit]

The true shepherd illustration[edit]

In verses 1-5, Jesus uses a parable,[3] illustration [4] or "figure of speech" [5] regarding the manner in which a true shepherd enters his sheepfold, unlike the manner of a thief or a stranger. Anglican Bishop Charles Ellicott notes that "the word rendered 'parable' is the wider word (Greek: παροιμία, paroimia) which includes every kind of figurative and proverbial teaching, every kind of speech, as the etymology reminds us, which departs from the usual course (Greek: οῑμος, oimos)".[6] Jesus' audience ("they") did not understand.

In this illustration, the true shepherd "enters the sheepfold by the door" and "calls his own sheep by name and leads them out (Greek: ἐξάγει αὐτά)" (John 10:1,3). This is the only occurrence of the word ἐξάγει (exagei) in the New Testament.[7] The Ethiopic version adds "and loves them".[8]

The door of the sheep, and the good shepherd[edit]

Jesus describes himself in verses 7 and 9 as "the door" and in verses 11 and 14 as "the good shepherd". The word in Greek: θύρα is translated as "door" in the King James Version and the American Standard Version, but as "gate" in the New Revised Standard Version, the Common English Bible and other translations.[9] In verse 7, the Textus Receptus adds that Jesus said to them (Greek: αὐτοῖς) but this addition is generally agreed to be "of doubtful authority".[10]

The Feast of Dedication[edit]

Verse 22 refers to Hanukkah:

Now it was the Feast of Dedication in Jerusalem, and it was winter.[11]

The believers beyond the Jordan[edit]

The chapter ends with Jesus evading Jewish attempts to stone him (John 10:31, 39) and then leaving Jerusalem (John 10:40) and traveling "beyond the Jordan to the place where John was baptizing at first" (Perea). Matthew 19:1 and Mark 10:1 similarly record that Jesus traveled "to the region of Judea by the other side of the Jordan", but in the synoptic tradition He had previously been in Capernaum rather than Jerusalem. Perea was a region where many people "came to the decision that He was the Messiah" (John 10:42 in the Living Bible translation).

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Halley, Henry H. Halley's Bible Handbook: an abbreviated Bible commentary. 23rd edition. Zondervan Publishing House. 1962.
  2. ^ Holman Illustrated Bible Handbook. Holman Bible Publishers, Nashville, Tennessee. 2012.
  3. ^ John 10:6, King James Version and Authorised Version
  4. ^ John 10:6, New King James Version and God's Word Translation
  5. ^ John 10:6, English Standard Version
  6. ^ Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers on John 10, accessed 17 May 2016
  7. ^ Englishman's Concordance, accessed 18 May 2016
  8. ^ Gill, J., Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible on John 10, accessed 18 May 2016
  9. ^ Translations accessed at BibleGateway.com
  10. ^ Cambridge Bible for Schools and Colleges on John 10, cf. Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers on John 10, both accessed 24 May 2016
  11. ^ John 10:22

External links[edit]


Preceded by
John 9
Chapters of the Bible
Gospel of John
Succeeded by
John 11