John 19:1-7 on the verso side of Papyrus 90, written AD 150-175.
|Book||Gospel of John|
|Christian Bible part||New Testament|
|Order in the Christian part||4|
John 19 is the nineteenth chapter of the Gospel of John in the New Testament of the Christian Bible. The book containing this chapter is anonymous, but early Christian tradition uniformly affirmed that John composed this Gospel. This chapter records the events on the day of the crucifixion of Jesus Christ, until his burial.
- 1 Text
- 2 Places
- 3 Verse 1
- 4 Verse 3
- 5 Verse 5
- 6 Verse 6
- 7 Verse 19
- 8 Verse 20
- 9 Verse 21
- 10 Verse 22
- 11 Verse 23
- 12 Verse 24
- 13 Verse 25
- 14 Verse 26
- 15 Verse 27
- 16 Verse 28
- 17 Verse 29
- 18 Verse 30
- 19 Verse 31
- 20 Verse 40
- 21 See also
- 22 References
- 23 Bibliography
- 24 External links
Some early manuscripts containing the text of this chapter are:
- Papyrus 90 (AD 150-175; extant verses 1-7)
- Papyrus 66 (c. 200; complete)
- Papyrus 121 (3rd century; extant verses 17-18,25-26)
- Codex Vaticanus (325-350)
- Codex Sinaiticus (330-360)
- Codex Bezae (c. 400)
- Codex Alexandrinus (400-440)
- Papyrus 60 (c. 700; extant verses 1-26)
Old Testament references
- John 19:24: Psalm 22:18
- John 19:28-29: Psalm 69:21
- John 19:36: Exodus 12:46; Numbers 9:12; Psalm 34:20
- John 19:37: Zechariah 12:10
New Testament references
- John 18:28-19:16: Matthew 27:1-2,11-26; Mark 15:1-15; Luke 23:1-5,13-25
- John 19:2-3: Matthew 27:27-31; Mark 15:16-20
- John 19:17-24: Matthew 27:32-44; Mark 15:20-32; Luke 23:26,33-43
- John 19:28-30: Matthew 27:45-56; Mark 15:33-41; Luke 23:44-49
- John 19:38-42: Matthew 27:57-61; Mark 15:42-47; Luke 23:50-56
Events recorded in this chapter took place in Jerusalem.
- Pilate took Jesus and scourged [Him].
According to Scottish Free Church minister William Nicoll, the scourging was meant as a compromise by Pilate, undertaken "in the ill-judged hope that this minor punishment might satisfy the Jews". Pilate went on to declare that he found no fault in Jesus (verses 4 and 6).
- Then they said, “Hail, King of the Jews!” And they struck Him with their hands.
- Then Jesus came out, wearing the crown of thorns and the purple robe. And Pilate said to them, "Behold the Man!"
- Therefore, when the chief priests and officers saw Him, they cried out, saying, "Crucify Him, crucify Him!" Pilate said to them, "You take Him and crucify Him, for I find no fault in Him".
- "Crucify Him, crucify Him!": The words of the chief priests and officers in the Received Text are Greek: σταύρωσον, σταύρωσον, staurōson, staurōson,, meaning "crucify! crucify!", with the word "him" being implied or added in English texts. The Jews did not possess the right of execution, nor was crucifixion a Jewish form of capital punishment.
- "No fault": or no crime (Revised Standard Version).
- Now Pilate wrote a title and put it on the cross. And the writing was:
- JESUS OF NAZARETH, THE KING OF THE JEWS.
Verse 19 in Greek
- ἔγραψεν δὲ καὶ τίτλον ὁ Πιλάτος, καὶ ἔθηκεν ἐπὶ τοῦ σταυροῦ· ἦν δὲ γεγραμμένον,
- Ἰησοῦς ὁ Ναζωραῖος ὁ βασιλεὺς τῶν Ἰουδαίων.
- egrapsen de kai titlon ho Pilatos, kai ethēken epi tou staurou; ēn de gegrammenon,
- IĒSOUS O NAZŌRAIOS O BASILEUS TŌN IOUDAIŌN.
Verse 19 in Latin
- scripsit autem et titulum Pilatus et posuit super crucem erat autem scriptum
- Iesus Nazarenus rex Iudaeorum
- Then many of the Jews read this title, for the place where Jesus was crucified was near the city; and it was written in Hebrew, Greek, and Latin.
- Therefore the chief priests of the Jews said to Pilate, "Do not write, 'The King of the Jews,' but, 'He said, "I am the King of the Jews."'"
- Pilate answered, "What I have written, I have written."
Verse 22 in Greek
- ἀπεκρίθη ὁ Πιλάτος, Ὃ γέγραφα, γέγραφα
- apekrithē o Pilatos o gegrapha gegrapha
Verse 22 in Latin
- respondit Pilatus quod scripsi scripsi
- Then the soldiers, when they had crucified Jesus, took His garments and made four parts, to each soldier a part, and also the tunic.
- Now the tunic was without seam, woven from the top in one piece.
- They said therefore among themselves, "Let us not tear it, but cast lots for it, whose it shall be,"
- that the Scripture might be fulfilled which says:
- "They divided My garments among them,
- And for My clothing they cast lots."
- Therefore the soldiers did these things.
Citing: Psalm 22:18
- Now there stood by the cross of Jesus
- His mother,
- and His mother’s sister, Mary the wife of Clopas, and
- Mary Magdalene.
- When Jesus therefore saw His mother, and the disciple whom He loved standing by,
- He said to His mother,
- "Woman, behold your son!"
- Then He said to the disciple,
- “Behold your mother!”
- And from that hour that disciple took her to his own home.
"That hour" may indicate that "they did not wait at the cross to see the end and the disciple took her to his own home"; εἰς τὰ ἴδια, see John 1:11, John 16:32. Mary would live with John and his natural mother, Salome, who is also Mary's sister.
- After this, Jesus, knowing that all things were now accomplished, that the Scripture might be fulfilled, said,
- “I thirst!”
Referring to: Psalm 69:21
- Now a vessel full of sour wine was sitting there; and they filled a sponge with sour wine,
- put it on hyssop, and put it to His mouth.
- So when Jesus had received the sour wine, He said,
- “It is finished!”
- And bowing His head, He gave up His spirit.
Verse 30 in Greek
- ὅτε οὖν ἔλαβε τὸ ὄξος ὁ Ἰησοῦς, εἶπε,
- καὶ κλίνας τὴν κεφαλήν, παρέδωκε τὸ πνεῦμα.
- ote oun elaben to oxos o Iēsous eipen
- kai klinas tēn kephalēn paredōken to pneuma
Verse 30 in Latin
- cum ergo accepisset Iesus acetum dixit
- consummatum est
- et inclinato capite tradidit spiritum
- Therefore, because it was the Preparation Day, that the bodies should not remain on the cross on the Sabbath (for that Sabbath was a high day), the Jews asked Pilate that their legs might be broken, and that they might be taken away.
Preparation Day was the day before the Passover. Verse 42 refers to this day as "the Jews' Preparation Day". Alfred Plummer, in the Cambridge Bible for Schools and Colleges, suggests that "the addition of 'the Jews' may point to the time when there was already a Christian ‘preparation-day'".
- Then took they the body of Jesus, and wound it in linen clothes with the spices, as the manner of the Jews is to bury.
- Burial of Jesus
- Crucifixion of Jesus
- Jesus Christ
- "Jesus, King of the Jews"
- Joseph of Arimathea
- Pontius Pilate
- Related Bible parts: Exodus 12, Numbers 9, Psalm 22, Psalm 34, Psalm 69, Zechariah 12, Matthew 2, Matthew 27, Mark 15, Luke 23, John 3, John 18
- Holman Illustrated Bible Handbook. Holman Bible Publishers, Nashville, Tennessee. 2012.
- Halley, Henry H. Halley's Bible Handbook: an Abbreviated Bible Commentary. 23rd edition. Zondervan Publishing House. 1962.
- Kirkpatrick 1901, p. 838.
- Kirkpatrick 1901, p. 839.
- John 19:1 NKJV
- Nicoll, W. R. (1897 ff), The Expositor's Greek Testament on John 19, accessed 14 June 2019
- John 19:3 NKJV
- John 19:5 NKJV
- John 19:6: NKJV
- John 19:6: Textus Receptus
- Meyer, H., Meyer's NT Commentary on John 19, accessed 15 June 2019
- John 19:6: RSV
- John 19:19 NKJV
- John 19:20 NKJV
- John 19:21 NKJV
- John 19:22 NKJV
- John 19:23 NKJV
- John 19:24 NKJV
- John 19:25 NKJV
- John 19:26 NKJV
- John 19:27 NKJV
- Marcus Rods. II: The Gospel of St. John. In: The Expositor's Greek Testament (Volumes 1). W. Robertson Nicoll (Editor). 1956. ASIN: B002KE6V1Q
- John 19:28 NKJV
- John 19:29 NKJV
- John 19:30 NKJV
- John 19:31 NKJV
- John 19:42 New Living Translation
- Plummer, A. (1902), Cambridge Bible for Schools and Colleges on John 19, accessed 16 June 2019
- John 19:40 KJV
- Kirkpatrick, A. F. (1901). The Book of Psalms: with Introduction and Notes. The Cambridge Bible for Schools and Colleges. Book IV and V: Psalms XC-CL. Cambridge: At the University Press. Retrieved February 28, 2019.
- John 19 King James Bible - Wikisource
- English Translation with Parallel Latin Vulgate
- Online Bible at GospelHall.org (ESV, KJV, Darby, American Standard Version, Bible in Basic English)
- Multiple bible versions at Bible Gateway (NKJV, NIV, NRSV etc.)
| Chapters of the Bible
Gospel of John