John A. Pearson

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John A. Pearson
John A. Pearson.jpg
Born (1867-06-22)June 22, 1867
Chesterfield, England
Died June 11, 1940(1940-06-11) (aged 72)
Toronto, Ontario, Canada
Nationality Canadian
Occupation Architect
Practice Darling and Pearson

John Andrew Pearson (June 22, 1867 – June 11, 1940) was an early 20th-century Canadian architect and partner to the Toronto-based firm of Darling and Pearson.

Early life and education[edit]

Pearson was born in Chesterfield, UK, and emigrated to Canada in 1888 as a young man.


Pearson worked for Henry Sproatt beginning in 1890, and joined Darling, Curry, Sproatt, & Pearson in 1892, with fellow partners Frank Darling and S. George Curry. Curry departed, and from 1893 through 1896 that office was known as Darling, Sproatt & Pearson.

In 1896 Sproatt left the partnership, and the firm was renamed Darling and Pearson. This partnership lasted from 1897 through Pearson's death in 1940.[1]

Pearson was the first Vice-President of Ontario Association of Architects (1902).

Pearson's most significant project apart from this partnership is undoubtedly the Centre Block on Parliament Hill in Ottawa, a complex that contains the Canadian House of Commons and Senate of Canada, and the adjoining Peace Tower.

The previous Centre Block burned in 1916, entirely destroyed except for the Library of Parliament. By 1920 the Centre Block was rebuilt with a design by Pearson and collaborator Jean Omer Marchand of Montreal. The Peace Tower commemorating the end of the First World War was completed in 1927.[2]

In 1928 Pearson was commissioned to design a building, with noted New York architects York and Sawyer, to house the head office of the Canadian Bank of Commerce in Toronto. The 34-story building was completed in 1931 in spite of the onset of the Great Depression, and at the time was the tallest building in the British Empire.[1]


Pearson died in Toronto in 1940, aged 72. He is buried at Mount Pleasant Cemetery.


Building Year Completed Architect Style Source Location Image
University of Toronto Faculty of Law Flavelle House 1901 Darling and Pearson Edwardian Classicism University of Toronto St. George campus, Toronto, Ontario Flavellelaw.JPG
Convocation Hall 1906 Darling and Pearson Edwardian Baroque University of Toronto St. George campus, Toronto, Ontario Uoft conhall.jpg
University of Toronto Sanford Fleming Building 1907 Darling and Pearson Edwardian Baroque 10 King's College Circle, Toronto, Ontario
University of Toronto Sigmund Samuel Building 1907 Darling and Pearson Romanesque Revival architecture 10 King's College Circle, Toronto, Ontario Sig Sam.JPG
University of Toronto Sigmund Samuel Building additions 1912 John A. Pearson & Frank Darling Romanesque Revival architecture 7 King's College Circle, Toronto, Ontario
Toronto General Hospital- College Wing 1913 Darling and Pearson Edwardian Baroque 101 College Street, Toronto, Ontario Bio-tech research centre, heritage building, Toronto General Hosp.IMG 5684.jpg
Centre Block containing Canadian House of Commons, Senate of Canada, Peace Tower, 1920 John A. Pearson & Jean Omer Marchand Romanesque Revival architecture Parliament Hill, Ottawa, Ontario Ottawa 6 db.jpg

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b "Once Upon A City: Creating Toronto’s skyline". Toronto Star, March 27, 2016, Janice Bradbeer.
  2. ^ Pound, Richard W. (2005). 'Fitzhenry and Whiteside Book of Canadian Facts and Dates'. Fitzhenry and Whiteside. 

External links[edit]