John Adamson (antiquary)
Adamson, the son of Lieutenant Cuthbert Adamson, R.N., and his second wife Mary, was born on 13 September 1787 at his father's house in Gateshead. He was educated at Newcastle Grammar School, and in 1803 went to Lisbon, to work in the office of his elder brother Blythman, a merchant in the city. He left Portugal for England in 1807, when a French invasion threatened. While there, he had studied the language and collected a few books, including the tragedy of Dona Ignez de Castro, which he translated and printed in 1808.
Return to England
On his return to England he was articled to Thomas Davidson, a Newcastle solicitor and clerk of the peace for Northumberland, to whom Adamson later dedicated his Memoirs of Camoens. In 1810 he printed a small collection of sonnets, mostly translations from the minor works of Camoens. The next year he was appointed under-sheriff of Newcastle, a post he retained until the passing of the Municipal Corporation Act in 1835. He became a member of the Literary and Philosophical Society of Newcastle about this time, and was one of its secretaries from 1825 to his death. He was one of the founders of the Antiquarian Society of Newcastle in 1813, and was appointed secretary with the Rev. J. Hodgson. With several other enthusiasts he also founded the Typographical Society of Newcastle, which published most of his works.
In 1820 his two-volume Memoirs of Camoens was published by Longmans. It was well received,with Robert Southey in the Quarterly Review of April 1822 speaking warmly in its favour. The two volumes contain a biography of the poet, note on the "rimas" or smaller poems, a translation of an essay by Dom Joze Maria de Souza, an account of the translations and translators of the Lusiad, an account of the editions of Camoens, and notes on his commentators and apologists.
In 1836 Adamson printed a catalogue of his Portuguese library under entitled Bibliotheca Lusitana, in which the books are carefully described with a great deal of bibliographical information. Except for the volumes relating to Camoens and a few others, the library was destroyed by fire in 1849.
In 1842, he brought out the first part of a collection entitled Lusitania Illustrata, consisting of translations from Portuguese sonnets and notes on their writers. This was followed, in 1846, by a second part devoted to ballads. For these, Adamson produced an English prose version, which was then turned into verse by Richard Charles Coxe, vicar of Newcastle upon Tyne.
As a reward for his services to Portuguese literature, the Queen of Portugal conferred the knighthoods of Christ and of the Tower and Sword on Adamson. He was a fellow of the Society of Antiquaries of London, and a member of many English and continental philosophical and antiquarian bodies.
He had an interest in coins, and in shells, publishing in 1823, his Conchological Tables; his private collection, which he later sold, contained 3,000 different species. He also collected fossils and minerals; the former were presented by him to the museum at Newcastle, and the latter to the university of Durham.
Adamson was a close friend of Thomas Dibdin the antiquary and bibliophile.
He died on 27 Sept. 1855.