John Alexander Hopps

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John Alexander "Jack" Hopps
Born (1919-05-21)May 21, 1919
Winnipeg, Manitoba
Died November 24, 1998(1998-11-24) (aged 79)
Nationality Canadian
Occupation medical researcher
Awards Order of Canada

John Alexander "Jack" Hopps, OC (May 21, 1919 – November 24, 1998) was one of the pioneers of the artificial pacemaker and is known[by whom?] as the "father of biomedical engineering in Canada".

Born in Winnipeg, Manitoba, he received a B.Sc.Eng. degree in electrical engineering from the University of Manitoba in 1941. He joined the National Research Council of Canada (NRC) in 1942.

Beginning in 1949, he worked with Dr. Wilfred Bigelow and Dr. John Callaghan at the Banting Institute in the University of Toronto, developing the world's first external artificial pacemaker in 1951. (The first internal pacemaker was implanted in a human body by a Swedish team in 1958.)

In 1965, Hopps founded the Canadian Medical and Biological Engineering Society (CMBES) and became its first President.[1]

He was also the President of the Ontario Heart Foundation (Ottawa Chapter).

In 1985, his autobiography, Passing Pulses, the Pacemaker and Medical Engineering: A Canadian Story, was published.

In 1986, he was made an Officer of the Order of Canada. He is a member of the Canadian Science and Engineering Hall of Fame.[2]


  1. ^ Founder of CMBES, The Canadian Medical and Biological Engineering Society.
  2. ^ The Canadian Science and Engineering Hall of Fame: The Hall, Canada Science and Technology Museum.