John Alured

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John Alured (1607–1651) was an army officer who fought for the parliamentary cause in the English Civil War and was one of the regicides of King Charles I in 1649.[1][2]

He was born in Kingston upon Hull. He inherited the family estate in 1628 and married Mary Darley (second cousin) in 1631.[1]

Alured was the MP for Hedon in both the Short and Long Parliaments. He spent most of the First Civil War as a colonel in Lord Fairfax's northern parliamentarian army, and is known to have fought at Adwalton Moor in 1643 and possibly at Marston Moor in 1644. He was a member of Philip Nye's Hull congregation.[3] In February 1645 he took up a new command in the New Model Army. In 1649, appointed to the High Court of Justice at the trial of King Charles, he was one of the signatories of the King's death warrant.[1]

At the restoration of the monarchy, because of his act of regicide he was a named exception in the general pardon (Act of Oblivion, section XXXVIII), which meant that any property that was held by the beneficiaries of his estate, could be confiscated.

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Scott, ODNB
  2. ^ Also spelt John Alred and John Aldred (the latter in the Act of Oblivion where Alured is given as an alias).
  3. ^ Peacey J., The Regicides and the Execution of Charles 1, page 145

References[edit]

  • Scott, David. Alured, John (bap. 1607, d. 1651), Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Oxford University Press, September 2004; online edition, January 2008 accessed 5 November 2009. Sources:
    • D. Scott, Alured, John, HoP, Commons, 1690–1715 [draft]
    • JHC, 2–7 (1640–59)
    • W. D. Pink, Alured of the Charterhouse, co. York, Yorkshire Genealogist, 1 (1888), 1–4
    • God's plot: the paradoxes of puritan piety, being the autobiography and journal of Thomas Shepard, ed. M. McGiffert (1972)
    • W. L. F. Nuttall, The Yorkshire commissioners appointed for the trial of King Charles the First, Yorkshire Archaeological Journal, 43 (1971), 147–57
    • J. G. Muddiman, The trial of King Charles the First (1928)
    • J. A. Jones, The war in the north: the northern parliamentarian army in the English civil war, 1642–1645, PhD diss., York University, Toronto, 1991
    • A. E. Trout, Nonconformity in Hull, Transactions of the Congregational Historical Society, 9 (1924–6), 29–43, 78–85, esp. 31–2
    • Bodl. Oxf., MS Nalson IV, fols. 60, 108, 187, 282, 309
    • Bodl. Oxf., MS Nalson V, fol. 21
    • I. Morgan, Prince Charles's puritan chaplain (1957)
    • D. Scott, Darley, Henry, HoP, Commons [draft]
    • D. Scott, "Hannibal at our gates": loyalists and fifth-columnists during the bishops' wars—the case of Yorkshire, Historical Research, 70 (1997), 269–93
    • court of chancery, TNA: PRO, C10/14/3
    • court of chancery, TNA: PRO, C10/465/3
    • state papers domestic, Charles I, TNA: PRO, SP 16/395/29, fol. 56
    • Oliver Cromwell the late great tirant his life-guard (1660), 5