|Born||19 August 1913|
|Died||2 April 2004 (aged 90)|
|Known for||Finite element method|
Johann Hadji Argyris FRS (Greek: Ιωάννης Χατζι Αργύρης; 19 August 1913 – 2 April 2004) was a Greek pioneer of computer applications in science and engineering, among the creators of the finite element method (FEM), and lately Professor at the University of Stuttgart and Director of the Institute for Statics and Dynamics of Aerospace Structures.
He was born in Volos, Greece but the family moved to Athens where he was educated in the Classical Gymnasium.
His first job was at the Gollnow company in Stettin, where he was involved among other things in high radio transmitter masts. In 1943, he joined the research department of the Royal Aeronautical Society in England. Starting from 1949 he was lecturer in aeronautical engineering at the Imperial College London of the University of London, where he assumed a chair in 1955.
In 1959, Argyris was appointed a professor at the Technical University of Stuttgart (today University of Stuttgart) and director of the Institute for Statics and Dynamics of Aerospace Structures. He created the Aeronautical and Astronautical Campus of the University of Stuttgart as focal point for applications of digital computers and electronics.
Awards and honours
Professor Argyris commenced his scientific career at Imperial College in 1949 and subsequently accepted in 1959 a joint appointment as Professor at Imperial College and Professor and Director of the Institute of Astronautical Structures at Stuttgart. Professor Argyris pioneered in the United Kingdom and Europe computer mechanics and established in the early 1950s the matrix structural theory introducing the first finite elements concepts including effects of material and geometrical nonlinearities. This work initiated an explosive development of computational mechanics which is still an expanding area. In this field he continued without interruption as one of the leading figures and published a prodigious number of papers (over 300) ranging in applications from structural problems through fluid mechanics, lubrication, celestial mechanics. The computer system ASKA developed under his direction was the model for many subsequent industrial developments. Professor Argyris has been honoured abroad by a great number of distinctions including the Theodore von Karman Medal, Timoshenko Medal [sic] (ASME), I. B. Laskowitz Gold Medal in Astronautics (N.Y. Acad. Of Sc.) and Copernicus Medal (Polish Acad. Of Sc.).
When World War II started Argyris was in Berlin at The Technical University. He was arrested and interned accused of passing research secrets to the Allies. However he was saved from execution by Admiral Canaris (also of Greek descent) who arranged his escape. After swimming the Rhine during an air-raid, he made his way to Switzerland. Here he entered ETH Zurich to complete his Doctorate.
Argyris died in Stuttgart and is buried in the Sankt Jörgens Cemetery in the city of Varberg, Sweden.
- Spalding, D. B. (2014). "John Hadji Argyris 19 August 1913 -- 2 April 2004". Biographical Memoirs of Fellows of the Royal Society. 60: 23–37. doi:10.1098/rsbm.2013.0003. S2CID 70761777.
- Hughes TJR, Oden JT, and Papadrakakis M (2011) John H Argyris, Memorial Tributes: National Academy of Engineering, 15, 24–31.
- Doltsinis, I. (2004). "Obituary for John Argyris". Communications in Numerical Methods in Engineering. 20 (9): 665–669. doi:10.1002/cnm.709.
- Doltsinis, I. (2004). "Obituary". International Journal for Numerical Methods in Engineering. 60 (10): 1633–1637. Bibcode:2004IJNME..60.1633D. doi:10.1002/nme.1131.
- John Argyris's publications indexed by the Scopus bibliographic database. (subscription required)
- Argyris, J. (1982). "An excursion into large rotations". Computer Methods in Applied Mechanics and Engineering. 32 (1–3): 85–155. Bibcode:1982CMAME..32...85A. doi:10.1016/0045-7825(82)90069-X.
- Argyris, J.; Fuentes, A.; Litvin, F. L. (2002). "Computerized integrated approach for design and stress analysis of spiral bevel gears". Computer Methods in Applied Mechanics and Engineering. 191 (11–12): 1057. Bibcode:2002CMAME.191.1057A. doi:10.1016/S0045-7825(01)00316-4.
- Argyris, J. H.; Balmer, H.; Doltsinis, J. S.; Dunne, P. C.; Haase, M.; Kleiber, M.; Malejannakis, G. A.; Mlejnek, H. -P.; Müller, M.; Scharpf, D. W. (1979). "Finite element method – the natural approach". Computer Methods in Applied Mechanics and Engineering. 17–18: 1–106. Bibcode:1979CMAME..17....1A. doi:10.1016/0045-7825(79)90083-5.
- Argyris, J.; Tenek, L.; Olofsson, L. (1997). "TRIC: A simple but sophisticated 3-node triangular element based on 6 rigid-body and 12 straining modes for fast computational simulations of arbitrary isotropic and laminated composite shells". Computer Methods in Applied Mechanics and Engineering. 145 (1–2): 11–85. Bibcode:1997CMAME.145...11A. doi:10.1016/S0045-7825(96)01233-9.
- "Computer Methods in Applied Mechanics and Engineering, 2004, Vol. 193, pp. 3763–3766"
- Medallist list published here.
- "EC/1986/02: Argyris, John". London: The Royal Society. Archived from the original on 9 July 2019.
- "John H. Argyris 1913-2004 ." National Academy of Engineering. 2011. Memorial Tributes: Volume 15. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/13160"
- "John H. Argyris". Archived from the original on 4 July 2012. Retrieved 21 July 2010.