John Armstrong (British Army officer)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
John Armstrong
John Armstrong Chief Engineer of England.jpg
Born (1674-03-31)31 March 1674
Died 15 April 1742(1742-04-15) (aged 68)
Allegiance  Great Britain
Service/branch British Army
Rank Major-General

Major-General John Armstrong (31 March 1674 – 15 April 1742) was a British engineer and soldier.

Military career[edit]

Armstrong joined the Williamite Army of Ireland in 1691.[1] In 1697 he joined the Duke of Ormonde's Horse Guards.[1]

In August 1711, during the War of the Spanish Succession, he constructed overnight a large battery of artillery with which the enemy was bombarded furiously and successfully in the morning at the Siege of Bouchain.[1]

He was appointed Quartermaster-General to the Forces in 1712 in recognition of his performance at Bouchain.[1] After the Treaty of Utrecht, in Spring 1713, he was appointed one of the Commissioners responsible for overseeing the dismantling of the harbour at Dunkirk.[1]

In 1714, following the accession of George I, he was appointed Chief Engineer.[1] He recommended the split in 1716 of the Ordnance Service into the Royal Engineers and the Royal Artillery.[1]

He was made a Fellow of the Royal Society in 1723.[1]

From 1735 to 1742 he was Colonel of the Royal Regiment of Ireland and promoted Major-General in 1739.[2]


He married Anna Priscilla Burroughs and together they went on to have five daughters.[1] At least two sources provide a lineage showing him to be the great, great, great nephew of the notorious border reiver Johnnie Armstrong.[3] [4]


  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i John Armstrong at Oxford Dictionary of National Biography
  2. ^ Gretton, G. Campaigns and History of the Royal Irish Regiment from 1684 to 1902. p. 426. 
  3. ^ Betham, William. The Baronetage of England, Vol. V. p. 501. 
  4. ^ Burke, John. A Genealogical and Heraldic History of the Landed Gentry, Vol. IV. p. 338. 
Military offices
Preceded by
New Post
Quartermaster-General to the Forces
Succeeded by
Humphrey Bland
Preceded by
Michael Richards
Chief Royal Engineer
Succeeded by
Thomas Lascelles
Surveyor-General of the Ordnance
Preceded by
Sir Charles Hotham, 5th Baronet
Colonel of the Royal Regiment of Ireland
Succeeded by
John Mordaunt