John Baker (MP for Canterbury)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

John Baker (c. 1754 - 20 January 1831) was an English Whig politician who sat in the House of Commons of Great Britain and of the United Kingdom in 1796 and 1797 and from 1802 to 1818.

Baker was the son of George Baker, a surgeon and medical practitioner of Canterbury. The family had long lived in Canterbury. His father left him a considerable fortune which he enlarged by marriage. He lived at Hawkhurst Lodge, in the Weald of Kent, and became one of the largest hop-planters in the district. Later he established the Union Bank at Canterbury and moved to St Stephen's, near there.[1] He became active in local politics and was Sheriff of Canterbury for 1786-87.

In 1796, Baker was elected Member of Parliament for Canterbury on what was called the independent interest. He headed the poll with 774 votes but the election was declared void on petition under the provisions of the Treating Act. At the second election in March 1797 he again had a majority of votes, "although not one public-house had been opened in their interest, nor a single cockade distributed". However a protest was entered against the eligibility of the two elected MPs and the sitting members were re-instated.[1]

In 1802 Baker was elected MP for Canterbury without opposition. He was returned again at the general elections of 1806, 1807, and 1812, and retired at that of 1818.[2] In politics he was always a consistent Whig. He was also appointed lieutenant-colonel of the Canterbury volunteers in 1803.

Baker died at Canterbury, aged 76. He was considered one of the best gentlemen billiard players in the county and excelled even more at whist.[1]

Baker married Jane Tattershall, eldest daughter of the Rev. James Tattersall, Rector of St. Paul's Covent-garden. He had two sons and two daughters. His son George was a barrister and Recorder of Canterbury.[1]

References[edit]

Parliament of Great Britain
Preceded by
George Gipps
Sir John Honywood, Bt
Member of Parliament for Canterbury
1796-March 1797
With: Samuel Elias Sawbridge
Succeeded by
Election declared void 2 Mar 1797
Preceded by
Election declared void 2 Mar 1797
Member of Parliament for Canterbury
March–May 1797
With: Samuel Elias Sawbridge
Succeeded by
Sir John Honywood, Bt
George Gipps
Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
Sir John Honywood, Bt
George Watson
Member of Parliament for Canterbury
1802-1818
With: George Watson 1802-1806
James Simmons 1806-Feb 1807
Samuel Elias Sawbridge Feb-May 1807
Edward Taylor 1807-1812
Stephen Rumbold Lushington 1812-1818
Succeeded by
Lord Clifton
Stephen Rumbold Lushington