Patrick Balfour, 3rd Baron Kinross

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Patrick Balfour by Allan Warren
Baron Kinross monument, Dean Cemetery

John Patrick Douglas Balfour, 3rd Baron Kinross (1904–1976) was a Scottish historian and writer noted for his biography of Mustafa Kemal Atatürk and other works on Islamic history.[1][2]

He was educated at Winchester College and Balliol College, Oxford.[3] He then became a journalist and writer. During the Second World War he served with the Royal Air Force and from 1944-47 was First Secretary at the British Embassy at Cairo.[4]

In 1938, he married Angela Mary Culme-Seymour (1912-2012), daughter of George Culme-Seymour and Janet (née Orr-Ewing) and former wife of the artist John Spencer-Churchill. Having been separated by World War II when Balfour was posted to Cairo, she started a five-year relationship with Major Robert Hewer-Hewitt by whom she had two sons, Mark and Johnny. Patrick and Angela were divorced in 1942. After breaking up with Major Hewer-Hewitt in 1946 Angela married a French count, René de Chatellus, and moved to France with her two sons. Her grandmother, Trix Ruthveen, was the model for "the bolter" in Nancy Mitford's novel The Pursuit of Love.[5]

Despite the brief marriage, Lord Kinross was homosexual; he had no issue and was succeeded by his brother David Andrew Balfour, 4th Baron Kinross.[6]

He is buried in "Lords Row" in Dean Cemetery, Edinburgh with all previous ancestors of the title Baron Kinross.


  • The Ruthless Innocent (1949) Supposedly based on the character of Angela Culme-Seymour
  • The Orphaned Realm: Journeys in Cyprus (1951)
  • Within the Taurus: A Journey in Asiatic Turkey (1954)
  • Portrait of Greece with photographs in colour by Dimitri, Max Parrish: London (1956)
  • Europa Minor: Journeys in Coastal Turkey (1956)
  • The innocents at home (1959)
  • Atatürk: The Rebirth of a Nation (London. 1964)
  • Atatürk: A Biography of Mustafa Kemal, Father of Modern Turkey (New York. 1965)
  • Portrait of Egypt (1966)
  • Windsor Years: The Life of Edward, as Prince of Wales, King, and Duke of Windsor (1967)
  • Between Two Seas: The Creation of the Suez Canal (1968)
  • Ottoman Centuries: The Rise and Fall of the Turkish Empire (1977) ISBN 0-688-08093-6
  • Hagia Sophia :A History of Constantinople ISBN 9780882250151 (1979) Newsweek Book Division


  1. ^ "Ancestors of Gavin R.J. Dallmeyer: Patrick Balfour". 1904-06-25. Retrieved 2013-07-20. 
  2. ^ "Cracroft's Peerage". Retrieved 2013-07-20. 
  3. ^ Winchester College Register 1915-1960 pp 77-78.
  4. ^ Winchester College Record
  5. ^ The Daily Telegraph: Angela Culme-Seymour. 3 February 2012.
  6. ^ On Balfour's homosexuality see Candida Lycett Green, ed. and introduction, John Betjeman: Letters [2 vols, London: Methuen, 1994, reprinted 2006], i, 44).

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