John Barleycorn Must Die
|John Barleycorn Must Die|
|Studio album by Traffic|
|Recorded||February–April 1970 at Island Studios and Olympic Studios, London|
|Genre||Pop (Progressive rock, jazz fusion, folk rock)|
US: United Artists
|Producer||Chris Blackwell, Steve Winwood, Guy Stevens|
John Barleycorn Must Die is the fourth studio album by the English rock band Traffic, released in 1970, on Island Records in the United Kingdom, and United Artists in the United States, catalogue UAS 5504. It peaked at number 5 on the Billboard 200, their highest charting album in the US, and has been certified a gold record by the RIAA. In addition, the single "Empty Pages" spent eight weeks on the Billboard Hot 100, peaking at number 74. The album was marginally less successful in the UK, reaching number 11 on the UK Albums Chart.
Background and content
In late 1968, Traffic disbanded, guitarist Dave Mason having left the group for the second time prior to the completion of the Traffic album. In 1969, Steve Winwood joined the supergroup Blind Faith, while drummer/lyricist Jim Capaldi and woodwinds player Chris Wood turned to session work. Wood and Winwood also joined Blind Faith's drummer Ginger Baker in his post-Blind Faith group Ginger Baker's Air Force for their first album, Ginger Baker's Air Force (1970).
In the beginning of 1970, after the demise of Blind Faith, the band having lasted barely six months, Winwood returned to the studio ostensibly to make his first solo album, originally to be titled Mad Shadows. He recorded two tracks with producer Guy Stevens, "Stranger to Himself" and "Every Mother's Son", but yearned for like-minded musicians to accompany. Inviting Wood and Capaldi to join him, Winwood's solo album became the reunion of Traffic, and a re-launch of the band's career.
As did most of their albums, it featured influences from jazz and blues, but the version of the traditional English folk tune "John Barleycorn" also showed the musicians attending to the same strains of folk baroque and electric folk as contemporary British bands Pentangle and Fairport Convention.
It was reissued for compact disc in the UK on 1 November 1999, with five bonus tracks, including three recorded in concert from the Fillmore East in New York City. In the US, the remastered reissue of 27 February 2001 included only the two studio bonus tracks.
Steve Winwood oversaw a deluxe edition version that was released on 15 March 2011, featuring the original studio album, digitally remastered on disc one, plus a second disc of bonus material including more of the Fillmore East concert with alternate mixes and versions of album tracks.
The original LP release of the album had the front cover design on a background consisting of a photograph of burlap. Later LP copies had the design on a grey background. The cover is displayed prominently during a party scene in the 1971 movie by Dario Argento, 4 Mosche di Velluto Grigio.
Retrospective reviews of the album have been mixed. AllMusic criticised the vocal sections as "excuses for Winwood to exercise his expressive voice as punctuation to the extended instrumental sections", but made note of how the album took the band's jazz/rock leanings beyond mere jamming. Robert Christgau's review dismissed the album for lacking Dave Mason, whom he saw as the only member of the group with any talent.
Track listing and personnel
- Side one
- "Glad" (Steve Winwood) – 6:59
- "Freedom Rider" (Winwood, Jim Capaldi) – 6:20
- Winwood – organ, piano, vocals, percussion;
- Wood – sax, flute, electric sax, percussion;
- Capaldi– drums, percussion
- "Empty Pages" (Winwood, Capaldi) – 4:47
- Winwood – organ, bass guitar, electric piano, vocals;
- Wood – organ;
- Capaldi – drums, percussion
- Side two
- "Stranger to Himself" (Winwood, Capaldi) – 4:02
- Winwood – vocals, all instruments;
- Capaldi – vocals
- "John Barleycorn (Must Die)" (traditional, arr. Winwood) – 6:20
- Winwood – acoustic guitar, piano, vocals;
- Wood – flute, percussion;
- Capaldi – vocals, tambourine
- "Every Mother's Son" (Winwood, Capaldi) – 7:05
- Capaldi – drums;
- Winwood – all other instruments, vocals
Original US & UK LP Mastering-Lee Hulko, Sterling Sound NYC
1999 reissue track listing
Previously unreleased studio bonus tracks 4. ("I Just Want You To Know") and 8. ("Sittin' Here Thinkin' of My Love") appear to be demos left over from when Winwood was still planning to make this a solo album (entitled Mad Shadows). Recorded on 18/19 November at the Fillmore East, the live tracks comprise what was to have been side one of a concert Traffic album, Live November 70 (ILPS 9142), presumably shelved in favour of Welcome to the Canteen.
- "Glad" (Winwood) – 6:59
- "Freedom Rider" (Capaldi, Winwood) – 5:30
- "Empty Pages" (Capaldi, Winwood) – 4:34
- "I Just Want You to Know" (Capaldi, Winwood) – 1:30
- Winwood – vocals, instruments
- "Stranger to Himself" (Capaldi, Winwood) – 3:57
- "John Barleycorn" (Traditional, arr. Winwood) – 6:27
- "Every Mother's Son" (Capaldi, Winwood) – 7:08
- "Sittin' Here Thinkin' of My Love" (Capaldi, Winwood) – 3:33
- Winwood – vocals, instruments
- "Backstage and Introduction" (live) (Capaldi, Winwood) – 1:50
- Introduction by Bill Graham
- "Who Knows What Tomorrow May Bring" (live) (Capaldi, Winwood, Chris Wood) – 6:56
- Winwood – vocals, Hammond organ, bass pedals
- Wood – saxophone
- Ric Grech – guitar
- Capaldi – drums
- "Glad" (live) (Winwood) – 11:29
- Winwood – Hammond organ
- Wood – saxophone
- Ric Grech – bass
- Capaldi – drums
2011 Deluxe reissue disc two track listing
- "Stranger to Himself" (Alternative Mix) (Capaldi, Winwood) – 4:09
- "John Barleycorn Must Die" (First Version) (Traditional, arr. Winwood) – 5:05
- "Every Mother's Son" (Alternative Mix) (Winwood, Capaldi) – 7:03
- "Back Stage and Introduction" – 1:44
- "Medicated Goo" (Live) (Winwood, Jimmy Miller) – 4:17
- "Empty Pages" (Live) (Winwood, Capaldi) – 4:47
- "Forty Thousand Headmen" (Live) (Capaldi, Winwood) – 4:30
- "Who Knows What Tomorrow May Bring ?" (Live) (Capaldi, Winwood, Wood) – 5:16
- "Every Mother's Son" (Live) (Winwood, Capaldi) – 7:00
- "Glad" / "Freedom Rider" (Live) (Winwood / Winwood, Capaldi) – 14:30
Tracks 4 - 10 recorded on 18 & 19 November 1970 at the Fillmore East
- Andy Johns, Brian Humphries - eengineer
- Mike Sida - album design
- Richard Polak - photography
- Official press release for John Barleycorn Must Die 2011 reissue
- Traffic - John Barleycorn Must Die (1970) album releases & credits at Discogs.com
- Traffic in the USA Charts, AllMusic. Retrieved 9 August 2011.
- "Empty Pages" Chart History, Billboard.com. Retrieved 9 August 2011.
- Traffic in the UK Charts, The Official Charts. Retrieved 9 August 2011.
- Nick Logan and Bob Woffinden, editors. The Illustrated New Musical Express Encyclopedia of Rock. New York: Harmony Books, 1977, p. 234.
- John Barleycorn Must Die, 1999 reissue Island Records IMCD 266 546499-2, liner notes p. 3.
- Progressive Rock with a Capital P. – www.PopMatters.com.
- AllMusic: Traffic - John Barleycorn Must Die (1970) album review by William Ruhlmann
- Robert Christgau review