Born in Baltimore, Maryland, Barney was appointed a captain and assistant district quartermaster general in the United States Army on August 15, 1814, and served until June 15, 1815, when he was honorably discharged. He was an unsuccessful candidate for election in 1822 to the Eighteenth Congress, but was elected to the Nineteenth and Twentieth Congresses, serving from March 4, 1825 to March 3, 1829. He was an unsuccessful candidate for re-election in 1828 to the Twenty-first Congress, and engaged in literary pursuits until his death in Washington, D.C.. He is interred in Greenmount Cemetery in Baltimore.
- United States Congress. "John Barney (id: B000162)". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress.
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|United States House of Representatives|
|Representative of the Fifth Congressional District of Maryland
Elias Brown and Benjamin Chew Howard
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