John Basil Lamar
John Basil Lamar
|Member of the U.S. House of Representatives|
from Georgia's At-large district
March 4, 1843 – July 29, 1843
|Preceded by||Thomas Butler King|
|Succeeded by||Absalom Harris Chappell|
|Member of the Georgia House of Representatives|
|Born||November 5, 1812|
|Died||September 15, 1862 (aged 49)|
Crampton's Gap, Maryland
|Resting place||Rose Hill Cemetery, Macon, Georgia|
|Political party||Democrat Confederate States of America|
|Alma mater||Franklin College|
|Allegiance||Confederate States of America|
|Branch/service||Confederate States Army|
|Battles/wars||American Civil War|
John Basil Lamar (November 5, 1812 – September 15, 1862) was an American politician, lawyer, and planter.
Lamar was born in Milledgeville, Georgia. He attended the Franklin College, which later became the University of Georgia (UGA) in Athens, beginning in 1827 but did not graduate. In 1830, he moved to a plantation near Macon, Georgia, and became a successful planter. He owned holdings in fourteen Georgia counties and in Florida. In 1837 and 1838, Lamar served in the Georgia House of Representatives. He was elected in 1842 to represent Georgia in the United States House of Representatives during the 28th Congress; however, his service was brief as he resigned and left office on July 29, 1843, after taking office only months before on March 4, 1843.
After his resignation in 1843, Lamar returned to his agricultural pursuits. In 1851, some of literary work was published in Polly Peablossom's Wedding (1851), edited by T. A. Burke. He has and had a significant reputation for his humorous writings, and was a founder and practitioner of both the school of Realism in America and genre of Southern Humor. From 1855 to 1858, he served on the UGA board of trustees and served at the state convention which passed the Ordinance of Secession in 1861.
During the American Civil War, Lamar served as an aide to Confederate States Army General Howell Cobb, his brother-in-law and close friend. He was wounded during Battle of Crampton's Gap Maryland trying to rally Cobb's Brigade. He died within a day on September 15, 1862. After temporary burial in Charles Town, Virginia, he was later reinterred in Macon's Rose Hill Cemetery.
The Lamar Mounds and Village Site is located on the former plantation of John Basil Lamar which led to the use of the name Lamar in reference to the mounds and was adopted by the founders of the Lamar Institute, a group active in archaeology in the American south.
- List of signers of the Georgia Ordinance of Secession
- Confederate States of America, causes of secession, "Died of states' rights"
- United States Congress. "John Basil Lamar (id: L000029)". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved on 2009-04-30
- History of the University of Georgia, Thomas Walter Reed, Imprint: Athens, Georgia : University of Georgia, ca. 1949 p.309
|U.S. House of Representatives|
Thomas Butler King
| Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Georgia's at-large congressional district
March 4, 1843 – July 29, 1843.
Absalom Harris Chappell