John Baxter Kinne
|John Baxter Kinne|
December 3, 1877|
|Died||July 19, 1954
|Place of burial||Fern Hill Cemetery, Aberdeen, Washington|
|Allegiance||United States of America|
|Service/branch||United States Army|
|Unit||Young's Scouts, Company B, 1st North Dakota Volunteers|
|Awards||Medal of Honor|
John Baxter Kinne (December 14, 1877 – July 19, 1954) was a United States Army soldier received the Medal of Honor for actions during the Philippine-American War. He was among six men awarded the Medal for actions on May 16, 1899. His medal was awarded by President Theodore Roosevelt on May 17, 1906.
John Kinne was born in Beloit, Wisconsin on December 3, 1877 to Mary A. Esplin and William O. Kinne. He entered active duty in the United States Army as a member of Company B, 1st North Dakota Volunteers [North Dakota National Guard].
During the Philippine-American war, Private Kinne was one of a hand-picked group of soldiers known as "Young's Scouts," tasked with being at the forefront of movement in Filipino-controlled areas. On May 13, 1899, five Scouts under Chief Scout William Henry Young earned Medals of Honor for gallantry in a frontal attack on 300 enemy. Kinne and several other Volunteers were assigned to join the depleted Scouts next day. On May 16, the Scouts were ordered to locate the enemy on the approach to San Isidro. As the Scouts approached the Cabon River to the southeast of San Isidro, they encountered a large enemy force entrenched on the opposite side. At the approach of the Americans, the Filipinos set fire to the bridge (called the Tarbon Bridge, for a nearby village of that name). Lt. James Thornton and two other Scouts sprinted across the bridge, firing at the enemy from point-blank range, while the remaining Scouts took cover and returned fire on the enemy trenches on the opposite bank. Private Kinne and the remaining Scouts then braved a hail of fire to rush across the burning bridge, rout the enemy, and extinguish the flames that were consuming the bridge. Private Kinne and five other Scouts earned the Medal of Honor for this action. In all, eleven members of Young's Scouts earned Medals of Honor in the three-day period.
After his discharge, John Kinne completed his undergraduate degree at Fargo College. In 1906 he completed his medical degree at Rush Medical College in Chicago. On October 14, 1908, he married Gertrude K. Adams (born in Racine, Wisconsin).
With a rank of captain, Kinne commanded an ambulance company in France in World War I.
Medal of Honor citation
Rank and Organization: Private, Company B, 1st North Dakota Infantry. Place and Date: Near San Isidro, Philippine Islands, May 16, 1899. Entered Service At: Fargo, N. Dak. Birth: Beloit, Wis. Date of Issue: May 17, 1906.
With 21 other scouts charged across a burning bridge, under heavy fire, and completely routed 600 of the enemy who were entrenched in a strongly fortified position.
- Durand, John (2010). The Boys: 1st North Dakota Volunteers in the Philippines,. Puzzlebox Press. Retrieved March 12, 2010.
- Durand, John (2011). Diary of a Combat Soldier 1898-1899. Amazon Kindle: Puzzlebox Press. pp. 295 Est.
- Durand, John (2011). Young's Scouts: A Complete History. Amazon Kindle: Puzzlebox Press. p. 109.
- Durand, John (2014). Avenge the Maine! John Kinne's War. Puzzlebox Press. p. 211.