John Beatty (Continental Congress)

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John Beatty (December 10, 1749 – May 30, 1826) was an American physician and statesman from Princeton, New Jersey.

Letter from John Beatty, 1784


Born in Bucks County, Pennsylvania, Beatty was the oldest of ten children of Charles Clinton Beatty and Anne Reading. Charles Clinton Beatty was a Presbyterian minister who did missionary work among the Native Americans. John Beatty became a doctor and opened his first practice in Hartsville, Pennsylvania. John Beatty rose to the rank of major in the 6th Pennsylvania Regiment of the Continental Army during the American Revolutionary War. He was captured at the surrender of Fort Washington on 16 November 1776. After his exchange, he was appointed Commissary General for Prisoners with the rank of colonel. By the end of the war he had become a resident of New Jersey, serving as a member of the New Jersey Legislative Council (now the New Jersey Senate) from 1781 to 1783 and delegate from that state to the Continental Congress in 1784 and 1785. He was the speaker of the New Jersey General Assembly from 1789 to 1790, and a member of the U.S. House of Representatives in the Third Congress from 1793 to 1795. He later served as Secretary of State of New Jersey from 1795 to 1805.

Archival Collections[edit]

The Presbyterian Historical Society in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, has a collection of personal papers, including diaries, correspondences and genealogical notes, related to the Beatty Family. Besides John Beatty's papers, the collection also includes journals by his father, Charles Clinton Beatty, who served as an early missionary with George Duffield among Native Americans.


United States House of Representatives
Preceded by
Elias Boudinot, Abraham Clark, Jonathan Dayton, and Aaron Kitchell on a General ticket
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from New Jersey's at-large congressional district

alongside Elias Boudinot, Abraham Clark, Jonathan Dayton, and Lambert Cadwalader on a General ticket
1793 – 1795
Succeeded by
Jonathan Dayton, Aaron Kitchell, Mark Thomson, Thomas Henderson, and Isaac Smith on a General ticket
Political offices
Preceded by
Benjamin Van Cleve
Speaker of the New Jersey General Assembly
1789 – 1790
Succeeded by
Jonathan Dayton
Preceded by
Samuel W. Stockton
Secretary of State of New Jersey
1795 – 1805
Succeeded by
James Linn