John Bel Edwards
John Bel Edwards
|56th Governor of Louisiana|
|Assumed office |
January 11, 2016
|Preceded by||Bobby Jindal|
|Minority Leader of the Louisiana House of Representatives|
January 9, 2012 – December 10, 2015
|Preceded by||Jane Smith|
|Succeeded by||Gene Reynolds|
|Member of the Louisiana House of Representatives|
from the 72nd district
January 14, 2008 – December 10, 2015
|Preceded by||Robby Carter|
|Succeeded by||Robby Carter|
|Born||September 16, 1966|
Amite, Louisiana, U.S.
|Education||United States Military Academy (BS)|
Louisiana State University, Baton Rouge (JD)
|Service/branch||United States Army|
|Years of service||1988–1996|
|Unit||25th Infantry Division|
82nd Airborne Division
John Bel Edwards (born September 16, 1966) is an American politician and lawyer serving as the 56th and current Governor of Louisiana since 2016. He was previously the Minority Leader of the Louisiana House of Representatives for two terms. He left the state legislature to run for governor in 2015. A member of the Democratic Party, he defeated Republican U.S. Senator David Vitter in the second round of the 2015 election. He is a United States Army veteran, having served with the 82nd Airborne Division.
- 1 Early life and career
- 2 Legislative career
- 3 Gubernatorial campaign
- 4 Governor of Louisiana (2016–present)
- 5 Personal life and family
- 6 Electoral history
- 7 References
- 8 External links
Early life and career
Edwards was born and raised in Amite, Louisiana, the son of Dora Jean (née Miller) and Tangipahoa Parish Sheriff Frank M. Edwards, Jr., a member of the administration of Louisiana Governor Edwin Edwards (no known family relation). Edwards graduated from Amite High School in 1984 as valedictorian. In 1988, Edwards received a bachelor's degree in engineering from the United States Military Academy, where he was on the Dean's List and served as vice chairman of the panel that enforced the West Point honor code.
Edwards completed Airborne School in 1986, while he was a student at West Point. After receiving his commission, he completed the Infantry Officer Basic Course at Fort Benning (1988), Ranger School (1989), and the Infantry Officer Advanced Course (1992). Edwards served in the Army for eight years, mostly in the 25th Infantry Division and 82nd Airborne Division, including commanding a company in the 82nd's 3rd Battalion, 505th Parachute Infantry Regiment. He ended his military career to return to Louisiana because of family considerations. Edwards earned a law degree from the Louisiana State University's Paul M. Hebert Law Center in 1999, and he was a practicing attorney with the Edwards & Associates Law Firm in Amite. As an attorney, Edwards handled a variety of cases, though he did not practice criminal law because of his brother's status as the local sheriff.
Edwards is a conservative Democrat who is pro-life and pro-gun rights. In 2007, Edwards ran for a seat in the Louisiana House of Representatives. Edwards was forced into a general election run-off with fellow attorney George Tucker. Edwards was overwhelmingly elected, winning every parish in the district. Edwards was the only freshman lawmaker to chair a committee in the legislature. Edwards chaired the Veterans Affairs Committee in the House. Edwards was also selected as chairman of the Democratic house caucus, a rarity for a freshman legislator. Edwards became a critic of Governor Bobby Jindal for the governor's frequent trips away from Louisiana to raise political funds for Republicans elsewhere while Louisiana has been reducing its funding for higher education.
In 2011, Edwards was re-elected to the Louisiana House of Representatives, having defeated opponent Johnny Duncan, 83 to 17 percent. Edwards served as chairman of the Louisiana House Democratic Caucus, making him the Louisiana House Minority Leader. Cities/towns that Edwards represented included Amite, Greensburg, and Kentwood as well as part of Hammond.
On February 21, 2013, Edwards announced that he would run for governor in 2015. He said that his state needs "a healthy dose of common sense and compassion for ordinary people". The only major Democrat in the race, Edwards polled first in the nonpartisan blanket primary with 444,517 votes (39.9 percent), followed by Vitter, who finished second with 256,300 votes (23 percent). In third place was Louisiana Public Service Commissioner Scott Angelle of Breaux Bridge, who received 214,982 votes (19.3 percent).
On November 5, 2015, Jay Dardenne of Baton Rouge, the outgoing Republican lieutenant governor, who placed fourth in the gubernatorial primary election with 166,656 (15 percent), endorsed Democrat Edwards in the forthcoming race against Senator Vitter. Dardenne made his announcement at "Free Speech Alley" in front of the LSU Student Union building in Baton Rouge.
Meanwhile, the Republican Governors Association entered the Louisiana campaign in support of Vitter with an advertisement highlighting Edwards' past support for President Barack Obama, who twice lost Louisiana's electoral votes. Edwards was a delegate for Obama at the 2012 Democratic National Convention. Edwards supported Hillary Clinton in the 2016 presidential election.
A statewide poll prior to the primary showed Edwards with a nine-point lead over Vitter. The JMC Analytics survey placed Edwards at 28 percent, instead of the actual 40 percent, and Vitter with 19 percent, rather than his actual 23 percent. After the primary polls showed Edwards with a commanding lead. Market Research Insight pollster Verne Kennedy placed Edwards ahead, 54 to 38 percent or 51 to 40 percent, depending on the level of turnout among African-American voters, 25 or 20 percent.
In the runoff on November 21, 2015, Edwards won the election with 56.1 percent of the vote.
Governor of Louisiana (2016–present)
On his inauguration day, Edwards failed to persuade the majority-Republican Louisiana House to choose a Democrat, Walt Leger III of New Orleans, as the Speaker. On the second ballot, after Republican Cameron Henry, an ally of Senator David Vitter, withdrew from consideration, a second Republican, Taylor Barras of New Iberia, was named Speaker. Since Huey Long, governors had traditionally handpicked the state house speakers. The Barras selection was considered a surprise because he had not even been mentioned as a candidate until the voting started.
On April 13, 2016, Edwards signed an executive order to protect lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender people from harassment or job dismissals. The order prohibits state agencies from discrimination based on either gender identity or sexual orientation. The order allows an exception for religious organizations who claim that compliance would violate their religious beliefs. "We respect our fellow citizens for their beliefs, but we do not discriminate based on our disagreements. I believe in giving every Louisianan the opportunity to be successful and to thrive in our state," Edwards said.
The governor also rescinded another executive order issued in 2015 by his predecessor, Bobby Jindal, which protected businesses and nonprofit organizations who oppose same-sex marriage from being legally punished for holding those views. This order had prohibited state agencies from penalizing businesses and individuals who act from a "religious belief that marriage is or should be recognized as the union of one man and one woman."
Edwards promised early in 2017 that he could work with the incoming Donald Trump administration. He expressed eagerness to work with the Trump Cabinet, particularly on the issues of Medicaid expansion and federal infrastructure projects.
In January 2017, Edwards traveled to Italy on a personal trip to discuss ways to combat human trafficking. Edwards traveled with sisters of the Hospitaler Sisters of Mercy who established a shelter in Baton Rouge for child victims of human trafficking. Edwards met with Pope Francis during the trip.
Edwards campaigned on a policy to reduce the prison population in Louisiana. One of his first actions as governor was to commute 22 sentences out of 56 that the state’s Board of Pardons had identified for him. Since the end of 2016 and to July 2018, Edwards did not sign a single commutation despite at least 70 cases that the state’s Board of Pardons identified for him during the period. In 2018, Edwards signed legislation that shortened the sentences for nonviolent, non-sex-crime offenders who showed good behavior while in prison.
At the end of 2018, Edwards said that his top priority for 2019 was to achieve a $1,000 pay raise for teachers and a $500 raise for school support workers.
Cabinet and administration
|The Edwards Cabinet|
|Governor||John Bel Edwards||2016–present|
|Commissioner of Administration||Jay Dardenne||2016–present|
|Executive Assistant to the Governor for Coastal Activities, Coastal Protection and Restoration Authority Board Chairman||Johnny Bradberry||2016–present|
|Secretary of Economic Development||Don Pierson||2016–present|
|Secretary of Environmental Quality||Dr. Chuck Brown||2016–present|
|Director of the Governor's Office of Homeland Security and Emergency Preparedness||Jim Waskom||2016–present|
|Secretary of Health and Hospitals||Rebekah E. Gee||2016–present|
|Executive Director of the Louisiana Workforce Commission||Ava Dejoie||2016–present|
|Secretary of Public Safety and Corrections||Jimmy LeBlanc||2008–present|
|Secretary of Revenue||Kimberly Lewis Robinson||2016–present|
|Secretary of Transportation and Development||Dr. Shawn Wilson||2016–present|
|Superintendent of the Louisiana State Police||Colonel Kevin Reeves||2008–2017|
|—||Colonel Kevin W. Reeves||2017–present|
|Secretary of Veterans Affairs||Joey Strickland||2016–present|
|Secretary of Wildlife and Fisheries||Charlie Melancon||2016–2017|
|Secretary of Natural Resources||Thomas Harris||2016–present|
|Secretary of Children and Family Services||Marketa Garner Walters||2016–present|
Personal life and family
Edwards and his wife, the former Donna Hutto (born February 1967), have two daughters, Sarah and Samantha Edwards, and one son, John Miller Edwards.
Edwards is the brother of Independence, Louisiana chief of police Frank Millard Edwards, as well as Tangipahoa Parish Sheriff Daniel H. Edwards. Edwards is brother-in-law to 21st Judicial District Court Juvenile Judge Blair Downing Edwards, a Republican. In 2011, one of Edward's brothers, Christopher Edwards, died in a car crash after his vehicle veered into oncoming traffic and collided with a UPS truck. In 2014, Edwards and other members of his Tangipahoa Parish political family were inducted as a group into the Louisiana Political Museum and Hall of Fame Winnfield.
2007 Louisiana House of Representatives 72nd district election
|Democratic||John Bel Edwards||6,142||44%|
|Democratic||Michael "Mike" Jackson||2,311||16%|
|Democratic||John Bel Edwards||6,825||66%|
2011 election for Louisiana House of Representatives 72nd district
|2011 Louisiana House of Representatives 72nd district|
|Democratic||John Bel Edwards (inc.)||9,968||83%|
|No party||Johnny "I Can" Duncan||2,032||17%|
Louisiana gubernatorial election, 2015
|Democratic||John Bel Edwards||444,517||39.89%|
|Democratic||S. L. Simpson||7,420||0.67%|
|No party||Beryl Billiot||5,694||0.51%|
|Other||Eric Paul Orgeron||2,248||0.20%|
|Democratic||John Bel Edwards||646,924||56.1%|
|Democratic gain from Republican|
- Sentell, Will (September 22, 2015). "Democratic State Representative John Bel Edwards". The New Orleans World Advocate. Retrieved September 30, 2015.
- "George R Tucker: Hammond, LA Lawyer, Lawyer, Attorney, Attorneys". Bmhm.com. Archived from the original on February 18, 2012. Retrieved November 17, 2012.
- David, Brennan (November 18, 2007). "John Bel Edwards claims strong win". Hammond Daily Star. Retrieved February 5, 2009.
- Edwards, John Bel (October 23, 2010). "AWOL Jindal: Guv galavants while Louisiana languishes". Daily Star. Hammond, Louisiana. p. 5A.
- "Louisiana House of Representatives - Internet Portal". House.louisiana.gov. September 1, 2006. Archived from the original on February 1, 2014. Retrieved November 17, 2012.
- Adelson, Jeff (February 10, 2013). "John Bel Edwards announces he is running for governor in 2015". The New Orleans Times-Picayune. Retrieved February 21, 2013.
- "Results for Election Date: 10/24/2015". Louisiana Secretary of State. Retrieved November 5, 2015.
- Hilburn, Greg (November 5, 2015). "Republican Dardenne Endorses Democrat Edwards". The Shreveport Times. Archived from the original on December 18, 2015.
- Elizabeth Crisp (October 9, 2015). "Republican governors group weighs in on Louisiana governor's race with ad targeting John Bel Edwards". The Baton Rouge Advocate. Retrieved November 5, 2015.
- "Poll: Edwards has nine point lead over Vitter in LA governor's race". wwl.com. October 5, 2015. Retrieved November 5, 2015.
- "Three polls show John Bel Edwards leading David Vitter in stunning turn of events surrounding governor's race". The Baton Rouge Advocate. November 3, 2015. Retrieved November 5, 2015.
- "John Bel Edwards beats David Vitter to become Louisiana's next governor". The Times-Picayune. November 21, 2015. Retrieved November 22, 2015.
- "Gov. Edwards Signs Non-discrimination Executive Order; Rescinds Marriage and Conscience Executive Order | Office of the Governor of Louisiana". gov.louisiana.gov. Retrieved 2017-01-24.
- "Louisiana Gov. to Rescind Predecessor's Antigay Order". 2016-03-28. Retrieved 2017-01-24.
- "Louisiana uninsured rate drops since expansion of Medicaid". kentucky. Retrieved 2018-08-31.
- Ken Stickney (January 9, 2017). "Gov. Edwards ready to work with Trump". Lafayette Daily Advertiser. Retrieved January 19, 2017.
- Gov. John Bel Edwards paying his own way to Rome; public to pay for security, Associated Press (January 13, 2017).
- Elizabeth Crisp, Gov. John Bel Edwards, others from Louisiana meet Pope Francis in Italy, The Advocate (January 19, 2017).
- "This Red State Governor Is Giving Hope To People Sentenced To Die In Prison". The Appeal. Retrieved 2018-07-09.
- Grace Toohey & Matt Sledge. "Louisiana reform means early release for 2,000 prisoners; see 4 of their stories". The Advocate. Retrieved 2018-07-09.CS1 maint: Uses authors parameter (link)
- "Democratic Louisiana governor signs 15-week abortion ban". Washington Examiner. 2018-05-30. Retrieved 2018-12-10.
- Hellmann, Jessie (2018-05-30). "Louisiana's Dem governor signs nation's most restrictive abortion ban". The Hill. Retrieved 2018-12-10.
- Network, Louisiana. "Gov. Edwards: Teacher Pay Raises My No. 1 Goal For 2019". KPEL 96.5. Retrieved 2018-12-28.
- The America Profile: Louisiana Governor John Bel Edwards, the pro-life Catholic Democrat, America (December 14, 2018).
- "Fatal crash kills brother of Tangipahoa Parish sheriff". The Advocate. Retrieved 2018-08-19.
- Office of the Governor official government website
- John Bel Edwards at Curlie
- Appearances on C-SPAN
- Resignation from House, media.nola.com
- John Bel Edwards on Twitter
|Louisiana House of Representatives|
| Member of the Louisiana House of Representatives
from the 72nd district
|Party political offices|
| Democratic nominee for Governor of Louisiana
| Governor of Louisiana
|U.S. order of precedence (ceremonial)|
as Vice President
| Order of Precedence of the United States
Mayor of city
in which event is held
Otherwise Nancy Pelosi
as Speaker of the U.S. House of Representatives
as Governor of Ohio
| Order of Precedence of the United States
as Governor of Indiana