John Belcher (architect)
10 July 1841|
3 Montague Terrace, Trinity Square, Southwark, London
8 November 1913|
Redholm, Champion Hill, Camberwell, London
|Awards||Royal Gold Medal (1907)|
Belcher was born in Southwark on 10 July 1841, London. His father (1816–1890) of the same name was an established architect. They lived at 60 Trinity Church Square from 1849–52. They had previously lived nearby at 3 Montague Terrace (now 8 Brockham Street), where Belcher was born in 1841. The son was articled with his father, spending two years in France from 1862, where he studied contemporary architecture, apparently more concerned with that promoted by Baron Haussman and Emperor Napoleon III, than historic buildings.
His first work to be built was in the City of London, the 1865 Royal Insurance building in a French Renaissance style (razed 1913). Also in London, he designed the 1870 Mappin & Webb building in Gothic style on the corner of Queen Victoria Street and Poultry (controversially razed in 1994 and replaced with the No 1 Poultry Building), and was joint architect, with his partner John James Joass, of Whiteleys department store.
In 1890, he designed the hall of the Institute of Chartered Accountants, which was one of the first Neo-baroque buildings in London. It featured extensive sculptural work by Sir Hamo Thornycroft, Harry Bates and others, consisting of several high-relief panels as well as stand-alone statues. In 1900, again with Joass, he designed Electra House, in the City.
Belcher's major commissions outside London include Colchester Town Hall 1898-1902 and the Ashton Memorial, designed and built 1906-1909 in Lancaster. Both of these are in the Baroque style, typical of the lavish creations of the Edwardian era.
Other works include: Southwark Church, Camberwell New Road 1877 - now the Greek orthodox Cathedral; Cottage Hospital, Hermitage Road, Norwood 1881; Redholm, Champion Hill, Dulwich 1885 (for himself); Birmingham Daily Post Building, Fleet St, London 1902; Guildown Grange, Guildford, Surrey 1902; Tapeley Park, Devon, reconstruction 1902; Cornbury Park, Oxfordshire, extension, 1902-3; Royal London Friendly Society, Finsbury Square, London, 1904-5; From 1905 John James Joass took over more of the design in the practice and together they built Royal Insurance, St. James's Street & Piccadilly, London, 1907-9; Headquarters of the Royal Zoological Society, Regent's Park, London, 1910–11; Holy Trinity, Kingsway, London 1910-12; Royal Society of Medicine, Henrietta Street, London, 1910–12; Tatmore Place, Hitchin, Hertfordshire, 1910. Mappin Terraces, Zoological Gardens, London, 1913.
Belcher served as president of the Royal Institute of British Architects from 1904 to 1906, in 1907 he won the Royal Gold Medal. During his time as president he was asked to judge the competition for the design of Hove's new public library, which had attracted 71 entrants. From a shortlist of ten he chose the design of Percy Robinson and W. Alban Jones.
Belcher was also chief architect for the 1908 Franco-British exhibition at White City. He was elected Royal Academician in 1909. Russia, Belgium, Germany, Spain and the United States elected him a member of their several architectural societies. He published Essentials in Architecture: An Analysis of the Principles & Qualities to be Looked for in Architecture.
A deeply religious man, he was a prominent member of the Catholic Apostolic Church and wrote The History of the Ecclesiastical Movement (1872) and A Report on the position of Organs in Churches (1892). The Catholic Apostolic Church used the word Angel to denote a priest (Belcher was an Angel at the Southwark Church in Camberwell from 1908 until his death). He was known to the public as an accomplished solo bass singer, cello player and conductor.
Death and legacy
Gallery of work
Electra House, London
Entrance Lodge Cornbury Park, Oxfordshire
Ashton Memorial, upper levels
Tapeley Park, Devon
- McInnes, Ian (21 March 2012). "Who was Who in Dulwich by Ian McInnes - John Belcher junior RA (1841-1913)". The Dulwich Society. The Dulwich Society. Retrieved 24 August 2016.
- page 153, Directory of British Architects 1834-1914 Volume 1:A-K, Antonia Brodie, Alison Felstead, Jonathan Franklin, Leslie Pinfield and Jane Oldfiled, 2nd edition 2001, Continuum, ISBN 0-8264-5513-1
- Middleton, Judy (2002). The Encyclopaedia of Hove & Portslade. 7. Brighton: Brighton & Hove Libraries. p. 128.
- Townsend, Charles Harrison (1922). "Belcher, John". In Chisholm, Hugh. Encyclopædia Britannica (12th ed.). London & New York.
- Edwardian Architecture: A Biographical Dictionary, A. Stuart Gray, 2nd Edition, 1988.