John Biddle (United States Army general)
February 2, 1859|
|Died||January 18, 1936
San Antonio, Texas
|Buried at||West Point Cemetery|
|Allegiance||United States of America|
|Service/branch||United States Army|
|Years of service||1881–1920|
|Commands held||Superintendent of the United States Military Academy|
World War I
|Awards||Distinguished Service Medal
John Biddle (February 2, 1859 – January 18, 1936) was career United States Army officer who became superintendent of the United States Military Academy.
Biddle was born in New Utah City, Michigan. His father was William Shepard Biddle (1830–1902) and mother was Susan Dayton Ogden (1831–1878). His Biddle family included many political and military leaders, including grandfather John Biddle (1792–1859) and great-grandfather Charles Biddle (1745–1821). He attended the University of Michigan but left before obtaining a degree. He then graduated from the United States Military Academy in 1881.
Biddle was commissioned an engineer. Biddle was in charge of river and harbor work at Nashville, Tennessee from 1891–1898. When the Spanish–American War broke out, he became Chief Engineer of Volunteers, serving in Puerto Rico, Cuba, and the Philippines. He was awarded the Silver Star. From 1901–1907 he was Engineer-Commissioner in charge of public works in Washington, D.C. Subsequently, he was in charge of river and harbor work in San Francisco from 1907–1911 and then served as an observer with the Austro-Hungarian Army on the Eastern Front from November 1914 to June 1915. He then was in charge of river and harbor improvements in Baltimore, Maryland. Biddle served as the Superintendent of the US Military Academy at West Point from July 1916 to June 1917. When the United States entered World War I, he commanded a brigade of engineer regiments, then served as acting United States Army Chief of Staff in Washington while Chief of Staff Tasker Bliss was in London. In 1918 he was again sent overseas to take charge of American troops in Great Britain and Ireland.
His nephew William Shepard Biddle III (1900–1981), rose to be Major General after commanding the 113th Cavalry Regiment in World War II, and the 11th Constabulary Regiment in the German occupation.
Awards and decorations
- United Kingdom
- United States
- Owen Picton (May 2004). "Descendants of William Biddle III". Retrieved March 16, 2011.
- "Col. Biddle To West Point". The New York Times. May 18, 1916. Retrieved March 25, 2011.
- Venzon, Anne Cipriano (1995). The United States in the First World War. London: Routledge. pp. 85–86. ISBN 0-8153-3353-6.
- "Col. Biddle Going To Front" (PDF). The New York Times. June 3, 1917. Retrieved March 25, 2011.
- "Died. Major General John Biddle (retired)". Time. January 27, 1936. Retrieved March 25, 2011.
- Louis DiMarco, from text by James W. Cooke. "113th Cavalry Group". Retrieved March 16, 2011.
- George F. Hofmann (October 2007). "Cold War Mounted Warriors: U.S. Constabulary in Occupied Germany". Armor Magazine (Fort Knox) 116 (5): 26–35. Retrieved March 16, 2011.
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Clarence Page Townsley
|Superintendents of the United States Military Academy
Samuel Escue Tillman