Chief John Big Tree
|Chief John Big Tree|
James Earle Fraser's sculpture, "End of the Trail", for which Big Tree claimed he was the model.
Isaac Johnny John|
June 2, 1877
July 6, 1967 (aged 90)|
Onondaga Indian Reservation, New York, U.S.
Chief John Big Tree (born Isaac Johnny John, June 2, 1877 – July 6, 1967) was a member of the Seneca Nation and an actor who appeared in 59 films between 1915 and 1950.
Big Tree claimed to be one of three Native American chiefs whose profiles were composited to make the portrait featured on the obverse of the United States' Indian Head nickel, designed by sculptor James Earle Fraser. The other two chiefs were Iron Tail and Two Moons. Big Tree claimed that his profile was used to create that portion of the portrait from the top of the forehead to the upper lip.
- The Spirit of '76 (1917) (Lost film)
- A Fight for Love (1919) (Lost film)
- The Avenging Arrow (1921) (Lost film)
- The Iron Horse (1924)
- The Frontier Trail (1926)
- Winners of the Wilderness (1927)
- Sioux Blood (1929)
- The Singing Vagabond (1935) (uncredited)
- Daniel Boone (1936)
- Stagecoach (1939)
- Drums Along the Mohawk (1939)
- Western Union (1941)
- She Wore a Yellow Ribbon (1949)
- Chief John Big Tree appearance on CBS's I've Got a Secret, December 11, 1961. Rebroadcast on Game Show Network and viewed January 29, 2008.
- VanRyzin, Robert R. (29 October 2009). Fascinating Facts, Mysteries and Myths About U.S. Coins. Krause Publications. pp. 10–28. ISBN 978-1440206504.
- "The History of the Buffalo Nickel - Part I". www.hobbizine.com.
- "Lifestyle - Mens Health, Career, and Relationship Advice". Esquire.
- Robert R. Van Ryzin. "Which Indian Really Modeled?" Numismatic News, February 6, 1990