John Blaquiere, 1st Baron de Blaquiere

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The Right Honourable
The Lord de Blaquiere
Lord de Blaquiere.
Chief Secretary for Ireland
In office
Monarch George III
Preceded by George Macartney
Succeeded by Sir Richard Heron, Bt
Personal details
Born 15 May 1732
Died 27 August 1812 (1812-08-28) (aged 80)
Bray, County Wicklow
Nationality British
Spouse(s) Eleanor Dobson (c. 1756-1833)

John Blaquiere, 1st Baron de Blaquiere KCB, PC (15 May 1732 – 27 August 1812), known as Sir John Blaquiere, Bt, from 1784 to 1800, was a British soldier, diplomat and politician of French descent. He served as Chief Secretary for Ireland between 1772 and 1776


Blaquiere was the fifth son of Jean de Blaquiere, a French merchant who had emigrated to England in 1685, and his wife Marie Elizabeth de Varennes.[1]


Blaquiere at first served in the Army, in the 18th Dragoons (later renumbered the 17th Dragoons), where he achieved the rank of Lieutenant-Colonel. In 1771 Blaquiere was appointed Secretary of Legation at the British Embassy in Paris, a post he held until 1772. The latter year Lord Harcourt, the British Ambassador in Paris, was appointed Lord Lieutenant of Ireland, and Blaquiere joined him as Chief Secretary for Ireland.[1] He was admitted to the Privy Council of Ireland the same year[1][2] and made a Knight Companion of the Order of the Bath two years later.[1]

Blaquiere was to remain Chief Secretary until 6 December 1776.[3] He had been elected to the Irish House of Commons for Old Leighlin in 1773, a seat he held until 1783. After representing Enniskillen for a few months in 1783, he sat than for Carlingford from 1783 to 1790, for Charleville from 1790 to 1798 and for Newtownards from 1798 to the Act of Union in 1801.[1][4] Blaquiere was created a Baronet, of Ardkill in the County of Londonderry, in 1784, and raised to the Peerage of Ireland as Baron de Blaquiere, of Ardkill in the County of Londonderry, in 1800, for his support for the Act of Union.[1] Lord de Blaquiere also sat as a Member of the British House of Commons for Rye from 1801 to 1802[1][5] and for Downton from 1802 to 1806.[1][6]

He was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society in 1803.[7]


Lord de Blaquiere married Eleanor, daughter of Robert Dobson, in 1775. They had four sons, including Peter de Blaquière, and three daughters. Lord de Blaquiere died at Bray, County Wicklow, in August 1812, aged 80. He was succeeded in his titles by his eldest son, John. Lady de Blaquiere died at Regent's Park, Marylebone, London, in December 1833.[1]


  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i John Blaquiere, 1st Baron de Blaquiere of Ardkill
  2. ^ Privy Counsellors - Ireland
  3. ^ Johnston-Liik, Edith Mary (2002). History of the Irish Parliament 1692–1800, Volume III, Members of the Irish House of Commons. Ulster Historical Foundation. ISBN 1-903688-71-X.  P203
  4. ^ Irish House of Commons 1692-1800
  5. ^ House of Commons: Rochester to Ryedale
  6. ^ House of Commons: Dover to Dulwich and West Norwood
  7. ^ "Library and Archive Catalogue". Royal Society. Retrieved 17 July 2011. 

External links[edit]

Parliament of Ireland
Preceded by
Sir FitzGerald Aylmer, 6th Bt
Thomas Monck
Member of Parliament for Old Leighlin
With: Sir FitzGerald Aylmer, 6th Bt 1773–1776
Hugh Massy 1776–1777
Robert Jephson 1777–1783
Succeeded by
Hon. Henry Luttrell
Hon. Arthur Acheson
Preceded by
Henry Flood
John Leigh
Member of Parliament for Enniskillen
With: John McClintock
Succeeded by
James Stewart
John McClintock
Preceded by
Hon. Thomas Knox
Theophilus Blakeney
Member of Parliament for Carlingford
With: Thomas Coghlan
Succeeded by
Sir Charles des Voeux, 1st Bt
James Blaquiere
Preceded by
Rogerson Cotter
Richard St George
Member of Parliament for Charleville
With: Rogerson Cotter
Succeeded by
Rogerson Cotter
Charles Boyle
Preceded by
Hon. Richard Annesley
John La Touche
Member of Parliament for Newtownards
With: Robert Alexander 1798–1800
Hon. Du Pre Alexander 1800–1801
Succeeded by
Parliament of the United Kingdom
Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
Lord Hawkesbury
Robert Saunders-Dundas
Member of Parliament for Rye
With: Lord Hawkesbury
Succeeded by
Lord Hawkesbury
Thomas Davis Lamb
Preceded by
Hon. Edward Bouverie
Hon. John Ward
Member of Parliament for Downton
With: Hon. John Ward 1803
Viscount Marsham 1803–1806
Succeeded by
Hon. Bartholomew Bouverie
Hon. Duncombe Pleydell-Bouverie
Political offices
Preceded by
George Macartney
Chief Secretary for Ireland
Succeeded by
Sir Richard Heron, Bt
Peerage of Ireland
New creation Baron de Blaquiere
Succeeded by
John de Blaquiere
Baronetage of Ireland
New creation Baronet
(of Ardkill)
Succeeded by
John de Blaquiere