John Bowne House
John Bowne House
John Bowne House in 2018
|Area||9 acres (3.6 ha)|
|Architectural style||Anglo-Dutch Colonial|
|NRHP reference #||77000974|
|Added to NRHP||September 13, 1977|
|Designated NYCL||February 15, 1966|
The John Bowne House is an historic home important for its role in establishing religious tolerance in the United States. It is located in Flushing, Queens, in New York City.
Built around 1661, it was the location of a Quaker meeting in 1662 that resulted in the arrest of its owner, John Bowne, by Peter Stuyvesant, Dutch Director-General of New Netherland. Bowne successfully appealed his arrest to the Dutch West India Company and established a precedent for religious tolerance and freedom in the colony. His appeal helped to serve as the basis for the later guarantees of freedom of religion, speech and right of assembly in the Constitution.
Many of John Bowne’s descendants engaged in abolitionist anti-slavery activism. For example, Robert Bowne, John’s great-grandson, was an early founder with Alexander Hamilton and others of the Manumission Society of New York in 1784. Some of its residents such as Mary Bowne Parsons’ son William B. Parsons have also been documented as acting as conductors assisting fugitive slaves on the Underground Railroad prior to the American Civil War.
The home is a wood-frame Anglo-Dutch Colonial saltbox, notable for its steeply pitched roof with three dormers. The house was altered several times over the centuries, and several generations of the Bowne family lived in the house until 1945, when the family deeded the property to the Bowne Historical Society. The Bowne House became a museum in 1947. The exterior has since been renovated.
The building was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1977. It is also a New York City Landmark. Archaeological investigations have been conducted by Dr. James A. Moore of Queens College, City University of New York.
- List of the oldest buildings in New York
- Peter Stuyvesant
- Flushing Remonstrance
- Religious tolerance
- John Bowne
- List of New York City Designated Landmarks in Queens
- National Register of Historic Places listings in Queens County, New York
- National Park Service (2009-03-13). "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service.
- Glenn, Thomas Allen (1898–1900). Some Colonial Mansions and Those Who Lived in Them. Philadelphia, Pa.: H. T. Coates.
- Haynes, Trebor (n.d. [1952?]). Bowne House: A Shrine to Religious Freedom. New York: Flushing Savings Bank. Check date values in:
- Jackson, Kenneth T. (ed.). The Encyclopedia of New York City. New York: The New-York Historical Society. p. 133.
- Elizabeth K. Ralph (March 1974). "National Register of Historic Places Registration: John Bowne House". New York State Office of Parks, Recreation and Historic Preservation. Archived from the original on 2012-10-18. Retrieved 2011-01-12. See also: "Accompanying six photos". Archived from the original on 2012-10-18.
- Moore, James A. (2004). Putting People in the House: Bowne House Archaeology, 1997–2000. New Perspectives on the Bowne House: Archaeology and Architecture. Queensborough Public Library, Flushing Branch.
- Media related to John Bowne House at Wikimedia Commons
- Official website
- Historic American Buildings Survey (HABS) No. NY-523, "Bowne House, 37-01 Bowne Street, Flushing, Queens County, NY", 33 photos, 18 measured drawings, supplemental material