John Bretland Farmer

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Sir John Bretland Farmer FRS[1] FRSE LLD (5 April 1865 – 26 January 1944) was a British botanist. He believed that chromomeres not chromosomes were the unit of heredity.

Life[edit]

He was born at Atherstone in Warwickshire the son of John Henry Farmer and his wife Elizabeth Corbett Bretland. He attended the Queen Elizabeth Grammar School in Atherstone.[2]

He won a place at Magdalen College, Oxford, graduating MA in 1887. During this period he was greatly influenced by Prof Isaac Bayley Balfour.[3] He was made a Fellow of Magdalen College 1889–1897, demonstrator of botany in 1887–1892, and assistant professor of biology in 1892–1895 at Oxford, and then became professor of botany at Imperial College London. He received the Doctor of Science (D.Sc.) from the University of Oxford in March 1902.[4]

He was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society in 1900,[1] was awarded its Royal Medal in 1919 and was its vice-president from 1919 to 1921. He was also President of the Alpine Climbers Club 1910-12.

He was knighted in 1926 for services to botany and scientific education.

He died in Exmouth on the southern English coast on 26 January 1944.[5]

Family[edit]

In 1892 he married Edith May Gertrude Pritchard.

Publications[edit]

Farmer was an editor of the Annals of Botany 1906-1922 and wrote particularly on cytology.[6] He was also editor of Science Progress 1909 10 1912 and Gardeners' Chronicle 1904 to 1906. His books include:

  • Flowering Plants (1899)
  • Elementary Botany (1904)
  • The Book of Nature Study (6 vols) (1909 onwards)
  • Translation of Die Mutationstheorie (1911) co-written with Arthur Dukinfield Darbishire
  • Plant Life (1914)
  • Nature and Development of Plants (1918)

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Blackman, Vernon Herbert (1945). "John Bretland Farmer. 1865-1944". Obituary Notices of Fellows of the Royal Society. 5 (14): 17. doi:10.1098/rsbm.1945.0002. 
  2. ^ BIOGRAPHICAL INDEX OF FORMER FELLOWS OF THE ROYAL SOCIETY OF EDINBURGH 1783 – 2002 (PDF). The Royal Society of Edinburgh. July 2006. ISBN 0 902 198 84 X. 
  3. ^ https://www.jic.ac.uk/centenary/timeline/info/JBFarmer.htm
  4. ^ "University intelligence". The Times (36716). London. 15 March 1902. p. 12. 
  5. ^ BIOGRAPHICAL INDEX OF FORMER FELLOWS OF THE ROYAL SOCIETY OF EDINBURGH 1783 – 2002 (PDF). The Royal Society of Edinburgh. July 2006. ISBN 0 902 198 84 X. 
  6. ^ Farmer, J. B.; Moore, J. E.; Walker, C. E. (1905). "On the Behaviour of Leucocytes in Malignant Growths". British Medical Journal. 2 (2328): 314–315. PMC 2321004Freely accessible. PMID 20762238. doi:10.1136/bmj.2.2328.314.