John Brooke, 2nd Viscount Brookeborough

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For other people named John Brooke, see John Brooke (disambiguation).
The Right Honourable
The Viscount Brookeborough
PC (NI)
Parliamentary Secretary, Department of the Prime Minister of Northern Ireland
In office
1970–1972
Preceded by Daniel McGladdery
Succeeded by Office abolished

John Warden Brooke, 2nd Viscount Brookeborough, PC (NI) (9 November 1922 – 5 March 1987) was a Northern Irish politician. He was the son of Basil Brooke, 1st Viscount Brookeborough, third Prime Minister of Northern Ireland.

Early life[edit]

He was educated at Eton College. During the Second World War he served in the British Army in North Africa, Italy and Germany. He was on the personal staff of Field Marshal Sir Harold Alexander (later created Lord Alexander). He was an Aide-de-Camp to Field Marshal Lord Wavell, the Viceroy of India, early in 1947.

In 1934, his father claimed in the House of Commons of Northern Ireland at Stormont that there had been a plot to kidnap the young John Brooke by Irish nationalists during Sir Basil Brooke's time as Commandant of the Ulster Special Constabulary. This report led Sir Basil (as he then was) to dismiss every Catholic worker in his employ, for which he was accused of sectarianism.[1]

Political career[edit]

As Captain John Brooke, he was elected to Fermanagh County Council for the Ulster Unionist Party (UUP) in 1947, serving until 1973, and was Chairman of the council from 1961 to 1973. He was appointed High Sheriff of Fermanagh for 1955. He succeeded his father as the UUP Stormont MP for Lisnaskea in a by-election on 22 March 1968. He retained that seat until the abolition of the Parliament of Northern Ireland in 1973.

Brookeborough (when he was still Captain Brooke) was a member of a dissident group of Ulster Unionist backbench MPs who campaigned for the removal of Terence O'Neill as Prime Minister of Northern Ireland. When O'Neill finally resigned in April 1969 his successor, Major James Chichester-Clark, brought some of this dissident group into his government. Capt. Brooke was made Parliamentary Secretary at the Ministry of Commerce (1969–1970), and then Parliamentary Secretary at the Department of the Prime Minister (1970–1972). Under Brian Faulkner's premiership, he was Government Chief Whip (1971–1972) and also served in the Cabinet from 1971 as Minister of State in the Ministry of Finance.

In the Northern Ireland Assembly (1973–74) he represented North Down. When the Unionist Party of Northern Ireland (UPNI) was founded by pro-Sunningdale Agreement members of the UUP, Brooke joined in 1974 and was again elected for North Down to the Northern Ireland Constitutional Convention (1975–76). He also represented the views of the UPNI in the House of Lords from 1973.

At 5:13pm on 28 March 1972, Capt. Brooke delivered the final speech from the dispatch box in the House of Commons of Northern Ireland at Stormont prior to the 'proroguing' of the Parliament of Northern Ireland by Edward Heath's Conservative government. In it, he quoted from a poem by Rudyard Kipling entitled Ulster, written in 1914, about the time his father's involvement in Ulster loyalism might be said to have begun. It ended:

"Before an empire's eyes the traitor claims his price.
What need of further lies? We are the sacrifice."

Family[edit]

Lord Brookeborough married Rosemary Chichester, daughter of Lieutenant-Colonel Arthur O'Neill Cubitt Chichester, of Galgorm Castle, County Antrim, in 1949. They had five children: Alan, Christopher, Juliana, Melinda and Susanna. Rosemary, Lady Brookeborough, died in January 2007. She had lived at Ashbrooke House, the dower house on the family's Colebrooke Estate near Brookeborough in County Fermanagh, for many years.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Northern Ireland House of Commons Official Report, Vol 34 Col 1116-1117

External links[edit]

Parliament of Northern Ireland
Preceded by
Basil Brooke
Member of Parliament for Lisnaskea
1968 - 1973
Succeeded by
Parliament abolished
Northern Ireland Assembly (1973)
Preceded by
New creation
Assembly Member for North Down
1973 - 1974
Succeeded by
Assembly abolished
Northern Ireland Constitutional Convention
Preceded by
New creation
Member for North Down
1975 - 1976
Succeeded by
Convention dissolved
Party political offices
Preceded by
John Dobson
Ulster Unionist Chief Whip
1971–1972
Succeeded by
Office abolished
Political offices
Preceded by
Daniel McGladdery
Parliamentary Secretary,
Department of the Prime Minister (Northern Ireland)

1970 – 1972
Succeeded by
Office abolished
Preceded by
New office
Minister of State, Ministry of Finance
1971–1972
Succeeded by
Office abolished
Peerage of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
Basil Brooke
Viscount Brookeborough
1973–1987
Succeeded by
Alan Brooke