John Byron, 1st Baron Byron

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Lord Byron.

John Byron, 1st Baron Byron (1599, Newstead, Nottinghamshire – 23 August 1652) was an English Royalist, nobleman, politician, peer, knight, and supporter of Charles I during the English Civil War.

Life[edit]

John Byron was the son of Sir John Byron (died 1623). He was educated at Trinity College, Cambridge.[1] He succeeded his father in 1625.

He was elected as MP for Nottingham in 1624 and 1626. He was knighted (KB) in 1626 and was then elected as knight of the shire (MP) for Nottinghamshire in 1628. He also served as High Sheriff of Nottinghamshire for 1634 and then as Lieutenant of the Tower of London, from December 1641 to February 1642.

When the Civil War started, he joined the king at York. He was engaged on the Royalists' cause throughout the Civil Wars and afterwards. After Byron distinguished himself at the First Battle of Newbury King Charles created him Baron Byron in October 1643 and made him commander of the Royalist forces in Lancashire and Cheshire. However he was defeated at the Battle of Nantwich in 1644 and forced to withdraw to Chester. He then marched with Prince Rupert’s forces into Yorkshire and commanded the royalist right flank at the Battle of Marston Moor in July 1644, but after his troops were routed by numerically superior parliamentarian forces he retreated to Carnarvon and resigned his command. He did, however, defend Carnarvon Castle ably for the Royalist cause, withstanding long sieges before finally surrendering it to Parliamentary forces in 1646.

Lord Byron died in 1652, childless, in exile in Paris, and was succeeded by his next eldest brother Richard Byron, 2nd Baron Byron (born 1606).

Family[edit]

Lord Byron married firstly Cecilia West, daughter of Thomas West, 3rd Baron De La Warr and secondly Eleanor (1627–1664) daughter of Robert Needham, 2nd Viscount Kilmorey. Eleanor was famous for her beauty; Peter Lely painted her as St. Catherine, as depicted here; and according to the diarist Samuel Pepys she was the 17th mistress of Charles II.[2]

Styles of address[edit]

  • 1599–1624: Mr John Byron
  • 1624–1626: Mr John Byron MP
  • 1626–1634: Sir John Byron KB MP
  • 1634–1643: Sir John Byron KB
  • 1643–1652: The Right Honourable The Lord Byron KB

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ "Byron, John (BRN615J)". A Cambridge Alumni Database. University of Cambridge. 
  2. ^ Wheatley 1893, Diary of Samuel Pepys: 26 April 1667 & endnote 6.

References[edit]

External links[edit]

Parliament of England
Preceded by
Michael Purefoy
George Lascelles
Member of Parliament for Nottingham
1624–1625
With: Sir Charles Cavendish
Succeeded by
Robert Greaves
John Martyn
Preceded by
Robert Greaves
John Martyn
Member of Parliament for Nottingham
1626
With: Sir Gervase Clifton
Succeeded by
Sir Charles Cavendish
Viscount Newark
Preceded by
Sir Henry Stanhope
Sir Thomas Hutchinson
Member of Parliament for Nottinghamshire
1628–1629
With: Sir Gervase Clifton
Succeeded by
Parliament suspended until 1640
Peerage of England
New creation Baron Byron
1643–1652
Succeeded by
Richard Byron