John C. C. Sanders

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John C. C. Sanders
John Caldwell Calhoun Sanders.jpg
Born (1840-04-04)April 4, 1840
Tuscaloosa, Alabama, U.S.
Died August 21, 1864(1864-08-21) (aged 24)
Petersburg, Virginia, U.S.
Buried at Hollywood Cemetery
Richmond, Virginia
Allegiance Confederate States of America
Service/branch Confederate States Army
Years of service 1861–1864
Rank Confederate States of America General.png Brigadier General
Commands held 11th Alabama Infantry
Sanders' Brigade
Battles/wars American Civil War

John Caldwell Calhoun Sanders (April 4, 1840 – August 21, 1864) was one the Confederate States Army's youngest brigadier generals during the American Civil War (Civil War). He was killed in the Battle of Globe Tavern along the Weldon Railroad during the Siege of Petersburg, Virginia on August 21, 1864.

Early life[edit]

John C. C. Sanders[1] was born on April 4, 1840 in Tuscaloosa, Alabama.[2][3] He grew up in Clinton, Greene County, Alabama.[3] He began studies at the University of Alabama in 1858 but left school to enlist in the Confederate States Army as a private at the outbreak of the Civil War in April 1861.[2][3]

American Civil War service[edit]

John C. C. Sanders was elected captain of Company E of the 11th Regiment Alabama Volunteer Infantry on June 11, 1861.[2][3][4]

The 11th Alabama Infantry first engaged in combat at the Battle of Seven Pines.[3][5] During the following Seven Days Battles, after fighting in the Battle of Gaines Mill, Sanders was severely wounded in the leg by a shell fragment at the Battle of Glendale (Frayser's Farm), June 30, 1862, in Henrico County, Virginia.[2][3][5] Nonetheless, he returned to command the regiment on August 11, 1862 as he was the senior officer on duty.[3][4] He was wounded again at the Battle of Second Bull Run on August 30, 1862.[2] Sanders was formally promoted to colonel after the Battle of Antietam (Sharpsburg, Maryland), September 17, 1862, where his face was wounded by stones thrown up by an exploding shell.[2][3]

Sanders fought at the Battle of Fredericksburg, Battle of Salem Church, and Battle of Gettysburg, where he was wounded in the knee on July 2, 1863.[2][3][6] While recovering, he served on court martial duty as the president of the division court martial.[5][6] He returned to his regiment in time to command them in the Overland Campaign.[2][3][5] He commanded Cadmus M. Wilcox's old brigade in Richard H. Anderson's division of III Corps of the Army of Northern Virginia in the Bristoe Campaign and Mine Run Campaign.[2][4] Thereafter, Brigadier General Abner Monroe Perrin returned to command the brigade, and Sanders returned to command his regiment until Perrin was killed at the Battle of Spotsylvania Court House.[3][4][5] Sanders then led his brigade and helped retake the "Mule Shoe" Salient.[3][4][5] For his actions and services at Spotsylvania Court House, Sanders was promoted to brigadier general on May 31, 1864 under the section of the Confederate law permitting the appointment of temporary general officers.[2][3]

Sanders was given command of a brigade of Alabama regiments formerly commanded by Brigadier General Cadmus M. Wilcox.[3][6] He performed with competence and bravery during the Battle of Cold Harbor and the early engagements of the Siege of Petersburg.[3][4] As part of Major General William Mahone's division, Sanders's brigade participated in the defense of the Confederate line during the Battle of the Crater, July 30, 1864, where he led his brigade in the Confederate counterattack.[3][5]

Brigadier General Sanders was killed in action in an engagement along the Weldon Railroad in Virginia which is generally known as Battle of Globe Tavern (also known as the Second Battle of the Weldon Railroad), on August 21, 1864 when he was shot through both thighs and bled to death within a few minutes.[2][3]

Aftermath[edit]

Sanders was buried in Hollywood Cemetery Richmond, Virginia.[2][3][7] The Eichers state he was reinterred in Alabama in 1918.[2][8]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Sanders's name is occasionally erroneously shown as "Saunders."
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m Eicher, John H., and David J. Eicher. Civil War High Commands. Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press, 2001. ISBN 0-8047-3641-3. p. 469
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r Warner, Ezra J. Generals in Gray: Lives of the Confederate Commanders. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 1959. ISBN 0-8071-0823-5. p. 268
  4. ^ a b c d e f Sifakis, Stewart. Who Was Who in the Civil War. New York: Facts On File, 1988. ISBN 0-8160-1055-2. p. 568
  5. ^ a b c d e f g Wert, Jeffry D. "Sanders, John Caldwell Calhoun" in Historical Times Illustrated History of the Civil War, edited by Patricia L. Faust. New York: Harper & Row, 1986. ISBN 978-0-06-273116-6. p. 655
  6. ^ a b c Boatner, Mark Mayo, III. The Civil War Dictionary. New York: McKay, 1988. ISBN 0-8129-1726-X. First published New York, McKay, 1959. p. 719
  7. ^ Find a grave
  8. ^ Greenwood Cemetery, Montgomery Alabama

References[edit]