John Cadman (convict)

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John Cadman
Born 1772
England
Died 12 November 1848
Sydney, Australia
Residence The Rocks
Occupation Superintendent of Government Boats
Spouse(s) Elizabeth Mortimer

John Cadman (1772 – 12 November 1848) worked as a publican in England, before becoming a convict and being transported to Australia.

Outline of life[edit]

On 9 December 1797( Cannot occur after Transportation !), Cadman was sentenced to transportation for life at the Worcester assizes, after being arrested at Bewdley on the charge of stealing a horse.[1] Cadman was transported aboard the Barwell, which left Portsmouth, 7 November 1797 and reached Sydney, 18 May 1798.[2]

In 1809, Cadman became the coxswain of a government boat. Whilst in the service of the Government as a coxswain, he lost an eye. Cadman received a conditional pardon from Governor Lachlan Macquarie in 1814[3] and a free pardon in 1821.[4] Cadman became the master of the Cutter "Mars" in 1825, which took 25 prisoners to Newcastle.[4] He was then promoted to the position of Superintendent of Government Boats at Sydney in 1827 on a salary of £91, until he retired in 1845. When that position of office was abolished in 1845, Governor Sir George Gipps recommended 'his great respectability' and arranged for him to be paid a retiring gratuity of £182.[1]

Cadmans Cottage

Since 1816 Cadman had occupied a rough stone cottage at The Rocks.[1] Cadmans Cottage still stands today and is Australia's oldest surviving house within the city of Sydney. 5,6 Jan 1818, Cadman received government permission to marry at Sydney.[4] On 26 October 1830 John married Elizabeth Mortimer.[1]

Cadman died on 12 November 1848 and was survived by Elizabeth Mortimer and her two daughters from a previous alliance. Cadman was buried in the old Devonshire Street Cemetery[1](now Central Railway Station Sydney's main Terminus); his headstone and remains were taken to Bunnerong Cemetery (now Eastern Suburbs Memorial Park) in 1901. Cadmans Headstone still remains there and the inscription reads:

Sacred to the memory of John Cadman who departed this life on Sunday the 12 day of November 1848 at the advanced age of 90 years and 10 months. He has been a resident of Sydney for 55 years the whole of which time he has held responsible situations under government. For the last 25 years was principal superintendent of government boats at the dock yard Sydney, the departure of Sir George Gipps from this colony he resigned. Not at age wishing to serve any other governor. Consequence of which the establishment conducted by him for so many years with such general satisfaction was entirely broken up: he was respected by all who knew him. He left a wife and two daughters to deplore the loss of an affectionate husband and father.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e Australian Dictionary of Biography, online Edition. Cadman, John (1772–1848)
  2. ^ Ozships: Australian Shipping on the net
  3. ^ State Records of New South Wales Petition of John Cadman to Governor Lachlan Macquarie, 1821.
  4. ^ a b c Colonial Secretary Index, 1788–1825 CADMAN, John. Per "Barwell", 1798.