John Campbell, 1st Marquess of Breadalbane
The Marquess of Breadalbane
The Marquess of Breadalbane by Angelica Kauffman.
|Born||30 March 1762|
|Died||29 March 1834|
Taymouth Castle, Perthshire
|Spouse(s)||Mary Gavin (d. 1845)|
Lieutenant-General John Campbell, 1st Marquess of Breadalbane FRS (30 March 1762 – 29 March 1834), known as John Campbell until 1782 and as The Earl of Breadalbane and Holland between 1782 and 1831, was a Scottish soldier and landowner.
Background and education
Campbell was the son of Colin Campbell of Carwhin by Elizabeth Campbell, daughter of Archibald Campbell, of Stonefield. He was a great-grandson of Colin Campbell of Mochaster, younger son of Sir Robert Campbell, 3rd Baronet, of Glenorchy, and uncle of John Campbell, 1st Earl of Breadalbane and Holland. He was educated at Winchester.
In January, 1782, at age 19, Campbell succeeded his kinsman in the earldom of Breadalbane and Holland. This was a Scottish peerage and did not entitle him to an automatic seat in the House of Lords. However, in 1784 he was elected as one of the sixteen Scottish Representative Peers to sit in the House of Lords. The same year he was appointed a Fellow of the Royal Society.
Lord Breadalbane and Holland raised the Breadalbane Fencibles Regiment, in which he served as a lieutenant-colonel. He became colonel in 1802, a major-general in 1809 and a lieutenant-general in 1814. In 1806 he was created Baron Breadalbane, of Taymouth Castle in the County of Perth, in the Peerage of the United Kingdom, which entitled him to an automatic seat in the House of Lords. In 1831 he was further honoured when he was made Earl of Ormelie and Marquess of Breadalbane in the Peerage of the United Kingdom.
Lord Breadalbane married Mary Gavin, daughter of David Gavin, of Langton House, Berwickshire, in 1793. They had one son and two daughters. One daughter, Lady Mary Campbell, married Richard Temple-Grenville, 2nd Duke of Buckingham and Chandos. He died at Taymouth Castle, Perthshire, in March 1834, aged 71, and was succeeded by his only son, John, Earl of Ormelie. The Marchioness of Breadalbane died in September 1845.
- Lundy 2011, p. 1360 § 13596 cites Cokayne 2000, p. 294
- Raymen, Leigh. "Representative Peers - Scotland". leighrayment.com. [self-published source][better source needed]
- "No. 15971". The London Gazette. 1 November 1806. p. 1438.
- "No. 18846". The London Gazette. 9 September 1831. p. 1833.
- Lundy 2011, p. 1252 § 12513 cites Cokayne 2000, p. 409
- Lundy 2011, p. 1360 § 13596 cites Cokayne 2000, p. 296
- Lundy 2011, p. 2612 § 26115 cites Cokayne 2000, p. 294
- Lundy, Dyral (13 November 2011), Lt.-Gen. Sir John Campbell, 1st Marquess of Breadalbane, thepeerage.com, p. 1360 § 13596 Endnote:
- Cokayne, G.E.; et al. (2000), The Complete Peerage of England, Scotland, Ireland, Great Britain and the United Kingdom, Extant, Extinct or Dormant, II (new, reprint in 6 volumes ed.), Gloucester, U.K.: Alan Sutton Publishing, pp. 294, 296, 409
- Hansard 1803–2005: contributions in Parliament by John Campbell, 1st Marquess of Breadalbane
|Peerage of Scotland|
| Earl of Breadalbane and Holland
|Peerage of the United Kingdom|
|New creation|| Baron Breadalbane
| Marquess of Breadalbane|