John Campbell Greenway
|John Campbell Greenway|
|Born||6 July 1872|
|Died||19 January 1926 (aged 53)|
New York City
|Service/||United States Army|
|Years of service||1897 - 1926 (with interruptions in active duty service)|
|Battles/wars||Spanish American War|
*San Juan Hill
World War I
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John Campbell Greenway (July 6, 1872 – January 19, 1926) was Brigadier General in the U.S. Army; a Rough Rider with Teddy Roosevelt; and a noted American mining, steel and railroad executive who vastly expanded copper mining in the American Southwest. He also the husband of pioneering U.S. Congresswoman Isabella Greenway.
Greenway was born in Huntsville, Alabama, and attended Phillips Academy, Andover and then the University of Virginia and graduated in 1895 from the Sheffield Scientific School of Yale University. His early employment as a furnace helper for the Carnegie Steel Company was brief, as he joined Roosevelt's Rough Riders in the Spanish–American War. After earning a Silver Star for his courageous service at the Battle of San Juan Hill, he was recommended for promotion to brevet captain by Colonel Roosevelt.
Beginning in 1899, Greenway held executive positions in a number of mine, steel, and railroad companies. He supervised development of United States Steel's open pit Canisteo Mine and Trout Lake Washing Plant in Coleraine, Minnesota, one of the first large-scale iron ore benefication plants in the world. Following the successful commissioning of the Trout Lake plant, in 1911 Greenway was recruited by the Calumet and Arizona Mining Company (led by US Steel executives) to develop their newly acquired New Cornelia Mine in Ajo, Arizona. He developed the Ajo townsite and developed the New Cornelia into the first large open pit copper mine in Arizona. Greenway served for one year as a regent of the University of Arizona before the United States entered World War I.
During the war, he was especially praised for his heroic conduct in battle and was cited for bravery at Cambrai. France awarded him the Croix de Guerre, the Legion of Honor, and the Croix de l'Etoile. He also received a Distinguished Service Cross.
In 1919 Greenway became a colonel of the infantry, and three years later he was promoted to brigadier general. John Greenway continued to be active in business until his death in 1926 in New York City.
His widow, Isabella Greenway, served in the U.S. House of Representatives as a Democrat from 1933 to 1937. His nephews include renowned ornithologist James Cowan Greenway and arts patron G. Lauder Greenway, longtime chairman of the Metropolitan Opera
In 1930 Arizona placed Gutzon Borglum's statue of Greenway in the U.S. Capitol's National Statuary Hall Collection. The statue remained there until being replaced in 2015 by one of Barry Goldwater; the Greenway statue was moved to the Polly Rosenbaum Archives and History Building near the Arizona State Capitol in Phoenix. A statue of Greenway's great great grandfather, Dr. Ephraim McDowell, was placed in the National Statuary Hall in 1929 by Kentucky.
- Biographical information: National Statuary Hall
- Greenway & Ajo: an article about John Campbell Greenway and Ajo, at the website of the Ajo Copper News.
- Greenway House: an article on Greenway's historic American Craftsman bungalow, which is for sale as of February 2009.
- 2008 removal of a statue of Greenway in Statuary Hall in the US Capitol and its replacement with a statue of Senator Barry Goldwater[permanent dead link].
- Murdock, Myrtle Chaney, National Statuary Hall in the Nation’s Capitol, Monumental Press, Inc., Washington, D.C., 1955 pp. 88-89
- Theobald, Bill (February 11, 2015). "Goldwater statue dedicated in National Statuary Hall". The Arizona Republic. Phoenix. Retrieved March 1, 2015.