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John Carew Rolfe, Ph.D. (Oct. 15, 1859 in Newburyport, Massachusetts – March 26, 1943) was an American classical scholar, the son of William J. Rolfe.
He graduated from Harvard University in 1881 and from Cornell University (Ph.D.) in 1885.
He taught at Cornell (1882–1885), at Harvard (1889–1890), at the University of Michigan, and at the University of Pennsylvania.
He was professor from 1907-1908 at the American School of Classical Studies and at the American Academy in Rome from 1923-1924. He continued to serve at the Academy until 1940. In 1910-1911, he was president of the American Philological Association.
He translated many Latin authors, especially historians, for the Loeb Classical Library: Ammianus Marcellinus, Cornelius Nepos, Aulus Gellius, Quintus Curtius, Sallust, and Suetonius.